Prologue to a Debate



The debate on military affairs of the early twenties in which Frunze and Trotsky were the principal figures did not spring up full grown. It was erected on a substructure which itself consisted of at least two elements — a long socialist and communist concern with military questions and the immediate problems of building a socialist state.


Early Twenty Military Organization Military Affair Advanced Industrial Country Standing Army 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1Lenin’s break with the Second International came chiefly on the question of whether or not the “national, imperialist” war should be changed into an international “civil” war of the classes.Google Scholar
  2. 2For instance, some months before the assassination of Tsar Alexander II on March 1, 1881, the Narodnaia Volia group had advocated the replacement of the standing army by a territorial army. See, Franco Venturi, The Roots of Revolution: A History of the Populist and Socialist Movments in Nineteenth Centruy Russia (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1960), p. 678 and passim.; Walter Darnell Jacobs, “Die künftige Sowjetarmee: Elite oder Miliz,” Wehrkunde, March 1960, pp. 126 ff.; and Walter Darnell Jacobs, „Das Ende der Milizgedankens in der UdSSR,” ibid., May 1963, pp. 255 ff.Google Scholar
  3. 3S. Neumann has written a useful article on Marx and Engels as military theorists. See, Edward Mead Earle, ed., Makers of Modern Strategy (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1948), pp. 155-171. See, also, Engels as Military Critic (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1959).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague, Netherlands 1969

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of MarylandUSA

Personalised recommendations