Inside the Academy and Out



One of the most impressive buildings of modern design in Moscow (and, indeed, one of the few buildings of modern design in that semi-modern, semi-European city) is the massive plant of the Military Academy named for M. V. Frunze. This academy of advanced military instruction (roughly equivalent to the Command and General Staff College of the United States Army in Fort Leavenworth, Kansas) is named for a man who was never graduated from a staff college and who never attended a military academy as a student.


Class Character Staff College Military Academy General Staff Soviet State 
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  1. 1.
    Mikhail Vasil’evich Frunze, Sobranie sochinenii, (Moscow: Gosudarstvennoe izdatel’stvo, 1926), II, p. 17.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    The Army Almanac: A Book of Facts Concerning the Army of the United States (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1950), pp. 344-348.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    40 let Voennoi Akademii imeni M. V. Frunze (Moscow: Voennoe izdatel’stvo 1958), p. 126.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ibid., p. 162.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ibid., p. 28.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ibid., p. 33.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ibid., pp. 33-34. Marshal Tukhachevskii is generally credited with creation of the idea of an international general staff to conduct the military activities of the world proletariat. He put the idea forth in 1920. See Marshall Mikhail Nikolaevich Tukhachevskii, Voina klassov: Stat’i 1919–1920 gg. (Moscow: Gosudarstvennoe izdatel’stvo, 1921), p. 140. Frunze’s 1924 project is not a clear call for an international general staff but rather a plan to create a staff in the Soviet Union which could render help to the international proletariat. The differences in the Frunze and Tukhachevskii plans are small but should be noted. Some authorities consider, as well, that there are some hints of plans for an international general staff of the revolution in Trotsky’s early writings.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Frunze, Izbrannye proizvedeniia (Moscow: Voennoe izdatel’stvo, 1957), II, pp. 163-172.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Frunze, Izbrannye proizvedeniia (Moscow: Voennoe izdatel’stvo, 1950), p. 305.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Frunze, Izbrannye proizvedeniia, 1957, op. cit., III, p. 169.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
  12. 12.
    Ibid., p. 171.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    See, especially, Lt. Col. F. D. Khrustov, Frunze o voinskom vospitanii (Moscow: Voennoe izdatel’stvo, 1946). Issued in the so-called German Democratic Republic in 1956 as M. W. Frunse zu Fragen der militärischen Erziehung, this brochure was the first number in the Militärwissenschaftliche Aufsätze of the DDR Ministry of National Defense. See, also, Andrei Alekseevich Kosiukov, Voenno-pedagogicheskie vzgliady M. V. Frunze (Moscow: Voennoe izdatel’stvo, 1960).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague, Netherlands 1969

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of MarylandUSA

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