The History of the Carrier’s Liability



The introduction of the Convention into the law of England and of France is best described as a process of superimposition upon the previous law; the latter not only survived with a more limited area of application, but also formed a legal substratum exercising a hidden influence upon the Convention. The legal landscape of international bills of lading is apparently carved according to the Convention, but in neither country can its application be explained without reference to the previous law that lies beneath.


Strict Liability English Court Common Carrier Time Charter French Court 
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    Discussed infra no .4 (i); generally, v. Ripert nos. 1399, 2687 and 1720.Google Scholar
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© Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague, Netherlands 1976

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