Advertisement

Psychotherapy of Psychophysiological Disorders

  • James W. Lomax
Chapter
  • 42 Downloads

Abstract

Interest in the relationship between mind and body has persisted from ancient Greek notions of the connection between bodily humors and personality types through the present times. A major change in the nature of investigations related to this interest was marked by William Beaumont’s observations on the relationship of gastric secretions to emotions. Beaumonfs early attempt to systematically study mind and body relationships occurred contemporaneously with very different but equally serious scientific investigations in Europe. Studies of hysterical phenomena by Charcot, Janet, Breuer, and, finally, Sigmund Freud demonstrated a far more pervasive effect of the mind on bodily functions than had ever before been appreciated. These divergent streams of thought began to merge around the developing discipline of psychosomatic medicine during the 1930s and 1940s. Studies done at the Chicago Institute for Psychoanalysis led to the development of specificity theory and a special therapeutic zeal for psychological intervention in psychosomatic disorders. Perhaps even more important than the theory of specificity itself is an underlying theme of these investigations and similar ones which have continued in many centers: Reliance on the study of phenomenologic parameters of disease processes is rarely adequate to either understand illness or plan comprehensive interventions. Since recent investigators have tended to develop one or more lines of investigations which match their theoretical and personal interests, it is now possible to describe illness processes at numerous levels of complexity and with considerable detail.

Keywords

Anorexia Nervosa Eating Disorder Personality Type Psychosomatic Medicine Psychosomatic Disorder 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Grinker, R.R. Psychosomatic Concepts. New York: Aranson, 1973.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Sifneos, P.E. The prevalence of “alexithymic” characteristics in psychosomatic patients. Psychother. Psychosom. 22: 255–62, 1973.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Nemiah, J.C. Alexithymia. Psychother. Psychsom. 28: 199–206, 1977.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Gaddini, R. The pathology of the self as a basis of psychosomatic disorders. Psychother. Psychosom. 28: 260–71, 1977.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Alexander, F. Psychosomatic Medicine, pp. 263–71. New York: Norton, 1950.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Dunbar, F. Mind and Body: Psychosomatic Medicine, pp. 88–103, 146–62. New York: Random House, 1947.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ziskind, E. Psychotherapy of Psychophysiologic Disorders, pp. 89–126. Lea and Feibiger, 1954.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Curtis, G.C. Psychotherapy with patients with psychosomatic disorders. In Hamer, M. (Ed.),The Theory and Practice of Psychotherapy, 1969.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Bruch, H. Eating Disorders, pp. 334–77. New York: Basic, 1973.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Spectrum Publications, Inc. 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • James W. Lomax

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations