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Carbonyl Frequencies

Chapter

Abstract

This is the most intensively studied of all group frequencies. Carbonyl absorptions are sensitive to both chemical and physical effects, and due allowance must be made for both in assessing the likely position of vCO in a given structure. It seems that under standardized solvent conditions, and in the absence of hydrogen bonding, the chemical effects predominate, provided that the carbonyl bond angle remains close to 120°. This has led to many useful generalizations relating changes in vCO to changes in other properties such as Hammett σ values, half-wave potentials, ionization potentials and the like. While they are often very useful, such relationships are best applied within the limited range of compounds on which they are based, and should not be used indiscriminately with compounds of widely different structure.

Keywords

Carbonyl Group Carbonyl Compound Complex Molecule Halogen Atom Carbonyl Oxygen Atom 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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