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Flame retardancy: the approaches available

  • G. A. Skinner
Part of the Polymer Science and Technology Series book series (POLS, volume 1)

Abstract

All organic polymeric materials are based on carbon as the essential element, besides which most of them contain hydrogen and many have appreciable quantities of other elements such as nitrogen, oxygen, sulphur, fluorine and chlorine. The polymer backbones are based on carbon-carbon bonds, with a few having carbon-nitrogen and carbon-oxygen bonds at regular intervals because of the presence of heteroatoms in the main chains.

Keywords

flame retardant fire smoke mechanism heat flame spread burning cycle synergism hazard intumescent coating char 

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Bibliography

  1. Paul, K.T. (October 1993) Aspects of flame retardants. Paper presented at the conference Enhancing Polymers using Additives and Modifiers, RAPRA, Shawbury, England.Google Scholar
  2. Skinner, G.A. (1981) Smoke — the hazard, the measurement and the remedy, Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, 31, 445–452.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Cullis, C.F. and Hirschler, M.M. (1981) The Combustion of Organic Polymers, Clarendon Press, Oxford.Google Scholar
  4. Conference Proceedings (January 1993), Inorganic Pire Retardants — All Change?, Industrial Division of the Royal Society of Chemistry, London.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. A. Skinner

There are no affiliations available

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