Flame retardancy: the approaches available

  • G. A. Skinner
Part of the Polymer Science and Technology Series book series (POLS, volume 1)


All organic polymeric materials are based on carbon as the essential element, besides which most of them contain hydrogen and many have appreciable quantities of other elements such as nitrogen, oxygen, sulphur, fluorine and chlorine. The polymer backbones are based on carbon-carbon bonds, with a few having carbon-nitrogen and carbon-oxygen bonds at regular intervals because of the presence of heteroatoms in the main chains.


flame retardant fire smoke mechanism heat flame spread burning cycle synergism hazard intumescent coating char 


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  4. Conference Proceedings (January 1993), Inorganic Pire Retardants — All Change?, Industrial Division of the Royal Society of Chemistry, London.Google Scholar

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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1998

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  • G. A. Skinner

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