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The Historical Background to Integration in Latin America

Chapter
Part of the International Handbooks on Economic Integration book series (IHEI, volume 1)

Abstract

Contrary to received wisdom, Latin America’s experience with economic integration is almost as long as that of Western Europe. In contrast with Western Europe, however, and until the more recent experience with MERCOSUR, Latin America has been only moderately successful with its record of integration.

Keywords

Monetary Policy Common Agricultural Policy Custom Union European Economic Community Common Market 
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Note

  1. 1.
    The members of LAFTA were Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay and Venezuela.1 Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    In “MERCOSUL — Perspectivas da Integração” edited by Antônio Salazar P. Brandao and Lia Valls Pereira, 1996, Fundação Getulio Vargas, Rio de Janeiro.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    The members of the Andean Group are Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador and Venezuela. Chile had been a member but left for political reasons.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    The members are Costa Rica, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    The record of dictatorships in Latin America, as the following list indicates, is indeed a long one. Paraguay: Alfredo Stroessner: 1954–1988 Ecuador: 1972–1979 Brazil: 1964–1985 Chile: 1973–1988 Argentina: 1976–1983 Uruguay: 1973–1985Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    In particular, the case of the so-called “dirty war”, is examined in some detail in Martin Edwin Anderson, “Dossier Secreto-Argentina’s Desaparidos and the Myth of the Dirty War” West Press, Boulder, Colorado, 1993. In a chilling lead article, the New York Times, on 6th October, 1996, examined the complicity of the United States in this repression, “Be all that you can be. Your future as an extortionist.”Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Heinz-Georg Preusse, “Change in Development Strategies in Latin America — Another Transitory Move Towards an Open Market System?” in “Openness and Development,” I.P Lang and R. Ohr (eds), Physica Verlag, Heidelberg, 1996.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    These technical sub-committees cover the following areas: communications, minerals, technical regulations, financial matters, transport and the infra-structure, the environment, industry, agriculture, energy, labour relations, business and social security.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

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