Cognitive Architecture of Early Reading

  • Philip H. K. Seymour
Part of the Neuropsychology and Cognition book series (NPCO, volume 16)


The title of this paper was suggested by Torleiv Høien as a contribution to the meeting ‘Dyslexia: Advances in Theory and Practice’ held in Stavanger in November 1997. It raises questions about the structure of the orthographic system which exists in the early stages of learning to read and how this might differ from a preceding stage of illiteracy and a subsequent stage of skilled reading. The questions also concern the way in which the initial developments of an orthographic system may be deficient in cases of dyslexia, why this should be so, and what are the adverse consequences for later development.


Developmental Dyslexia Dyslexic Child Cognitive Architecture Causal Influence Reading Acquisition 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bryant, P.E., MacLean, M., Bradley, L.L. & Crossland, J. (1990) Rhyme and alliteration, phoneme detection, and learning to read. Developmental Psychology, 26, 429–438.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Duncan, L.G., Seymour, P.H.K., & Hill, S. (1997) How important are rhyme and analogy in beginning reading? Cognition, 63, 171–208.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Duncan, L.G., Seymour, P.H.K., & Hill, S. (submitted) A small to large unit progression in metaphono-logical awareness and reading? Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology.Google Scholar
  4. Ehri, L.C. (1992) Reconceptualising the development of sight word reading and its relationship to recoding. In P.Gough, L.C.Ehri & R.Treiman (Eds.), Reading Acquisition. Hillsdale, N.J.: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  5. Ehri, L.C. (1997) Learning to read and learning to spell are one and the same, almost. In C.A.Perfetti, L.Rieben, & M.Fayol (Eds.), Learning to Spell: Research, Theory and Practice across Languages. Mahwah, N.J.: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  6. Ellis, A.W. & Young, A.W. (1988) Human Cognitive Neuropsychology. Hove: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  7. Frith, U. (1985) Beneath the surface of developmental dyslexia. In K.E.Patterson, J.C.Marshall & M.Coltheart (Eds.), Surface Dyslexia: Neuropsychological and Cognitive Studies of Phonological Reading. Hillsdale, N.J.: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  8. Frith, U. (1997) Brain, mind and behaviour in dyslexia. In C.Hulme & M.Snowling (Eds.), Dyslexia: Biology, Cognition and Intervention. London: Whurr.Google Scholar
  9. Gombert, J.E. (1992) Metalinguistic Development. Hemel Hempsted: Harvester Wheatsheaf.Google Scholar
  10. Goswami, U. & Bryant, P.E. (1990) Phonological Skills and Learning to Read. Hove: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
  11. Goswami, U. & East, M. (submitted) Epilinguistic and metalinguistic factors in rhyme and analogy in beginning reading: The importance of teaching.Google Scholar
  12. Gough, P.B. & Hillinger, M.L. (1980) Learning to read: An unnatural act. Bulletin of the Orton Society, 30, 179–196.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Marsh, G., Freidman, M., Welch, U., & Desberg, P. (1981) A cognitive-developmental theory of reading acquisition. In G.E.Mackinnon & T.G.Waller (Eds), Reading Research: Advances in Theory and Practice, Vol. 3. New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  14. Morton, J. (1989) An information-processing account of reading acquisition. In A.Galaburda (Ed.), From Reading to Neurons. Cambridge, MA.: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  15. Morton, J. & Frith, U. (1993) Approche de la dyslexie developpementale par la modelisation causale. In J.-P. Jaffre, L.Sprenger-Charolles, & M.Fayol (Eds.), Lecture-Ecriture: Acquisition. Les Actes de la Villette. Paris: Nathan Pedagogie.Google Scholar
  16. Plaut, D.C., McClelland, J.L., Seidenberg, M.S., & Patterson, K. (1996) Understanding normal and impaired word reading: Computational principles in quasi-regular domains. Psychological Review, 103, 56–115.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Savage, R. & Stuart, M. (1998) Sublexical inferences in beginning reading: Medial vowel digraphs as functional units of transfer. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 69, 85–108.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Seidenberg, M.S. & McClelland, J.L. (1989) A distributed, developmental model of word recognition and naming. Psychological Review, 96, 523–568.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Seymour, P.H.K. (1990) Developmental dyslexia. In M.W.Eysenck (Ed), Cognitive Psychology: An International Review. Chichester: Wiley.Google Scholar
  20. Seymour, P.H.K. (1993) Un modele du developpement orthographique a double fondation. In J.-P.Jaffre, L.Sprenger-Charolles, & M.Fayol (Eds.), Lecture-Ecriture: Acquisition. Les Actes de la Viliette. Paris: Nathan Pédagogie.Google Scholar
  21. Seymour, P.H.K. (1997) Foundations of orthographic development. In C.A.Perfetti, L.Rieben, & M.Fayol (Eds.), Learning to Spell: Research, Theory and Practice across Languages. Mahwah, N.J.: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  22. Seymour, P.H.K., Duncan, L.G. & Bolik, F. (in press) Rhymes and phonemes in the common unit task: Replications and implications for beginning reading. Journal of Research in Reading.Google Scholar
  23. Seymour, P.H.K. & Elder, L. (1986) Beginning reading without phonology. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 3, 1–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Seymour, P.H.K. & Evans, H.M. (in press) Foundation level dyslexias: Assessment and treatment. Journal of Learning Disabilities.Google Scholar
  25. Shallice, T. (1988) From Neuropsychology to Mental Structure. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Treiman, R. & Zukowski, A. (1991) Levels of phonological awareness. In S.A.Brady & D.P.Shankweiler (Eds.), Phonological Processes in Literacy: A Tribute to Isabelle Y. Liberman. Hillsdale, N.J.: Erlbaum.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Philip H. K. Seymour
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of DundeeDundeeScotland

Personalised recommendations