Matching temporal pairs: “ Salient” regions are extracted independently in two mammograms of the same breast and the same view taken at two different times. The salient regions in the later mammogram are then matched with the isointensity regions in the first, and those that have either appeared in the later mammogram but not in the earlier one, or which have changed significantly between the two mammograms are drawn to the attention of the radiologist.
Matching bilateral pairs: In a similar fashion, salient regions are extracted from the same-view left and right breast mammograms of the same woman, taken at approximately the same time. They are matched by an algorithm that draws the radiologist’s attention to those that appear in one breast but not in the other.
Locating abnormal regions: Salient regions are extracted from a breast image and for each a number of features are computed. These features are used to assess the “normality” of the region, as defined by a probabilistic model learned automatically from approximately 5000 bright regions found in the Mammographic Image Analysis Society (MIAS) database  of images. If a salient region is determined to be in the tails of the probabilistic model, it is declared to be “abnormal” and is drawn to the attention of the radiologist.
KeywordsCurrent Image Bright Region Salient Region Previous Image Novelty Detection
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