Development of the extant diversity in Halimeda is linked to vicariant events

  • Wiebe H. C. F. Kooistra
  • Magnolia Calderón
  • Llewellya W. HillisEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Developments in Hydrobiology book series (DIHY, volume 137)


Partial 18S rDNA sequences, including a 102 base pair insertion, were used to infer a phylogeny among 48 samples across all sections in Halimeda Lamouroux, 1812. The phylogeny reveals a separation of the monophyletic section Rhipsalis into a western Atlantic and a western Pacific clade. Consequently, morphologically similar species within this section such as H. monile (Ellis & Solander) Lamouroux (western Atlantic), and H. cylindracea Decaisne (western Pacific), are not sister taxa. Vicariant events that separated the tropical regions of the Atlantic and IndoPacific Oceans can explain the observed biogeographical pattern in section Rhipsalis.

Key words

18S rDNA biogeography Bryopsidales evolution Halimeda phylogeny Tethys vicariance 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wiebe H. C. F. Kooistra
    • 1
  • Magnolia Calderón
    • 1
  • Llewellya W. Hillis
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Smithsonian Tropical Research InstituteUSA

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