Advertisement

Variability of Daily and Annual Cycles of Mean Erythemal Solar Irradiance Related to Total Ozone Variability

  • Martin Dubrovský
Part of the NATO Science Series book series (ASIC, volume 557)

Abstract

The 10 min sums of erythemal solar irradiances measured simultaneously during ten months at two locations in the Czech Republic were analysed. The altitude effect is about 4 to 8% per 1000 m, the radiation amplification factor is about 1.1 and both numbers vary only slightly with solar zenith angle. The statistical model relating erythema) solar irradiance with total column ozone and solar zenith angle was developed. This model and the annual cycles of the mean and variability of total column ozone are used to estimate variability of annual and daily cycles of mean erythemal solar irradiance.

Keywords

Total Ozone Solar Zenith Angle Total Column Ozone Altitude Effect Total Ozone Data 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Ambach, W., Blumthaler, M., Pichler, T., and Staehelin, J. (1997) Solar UVB irradiance in Innsbruck - January to May 1993–96, Meteorol. Z, N.F. 6, 184–188.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Blumthaler, M., Ambach, W., and Huber, M. (1993) Altitude effect of solar UV radiation dependent on albedo, turbidity, and solar elevation, Meteorol. Z, N.F. 2, 116–120.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bojkov, R. D., Bishop, I., and Fioletov, V. E. (1995) Total ozone trends from quality controlled ground based data (1964–1994), J Geophys. Res 100, 25867–25876.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Burrows, W. R., Vallée, M., Wardle, D. I., Kerr, J. B., Wilson, L. J., and Tarasick, D. W. (1994) The Canadian operational procedure for forecasting total ozone and UV radiation, Met. Appl 1, 247–265.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Chandra, S., Varotsos, C.. and Flynn, L. E. (1996) The mid-latitude total ozone trends in the northern hemisphere, Geophys. Res. Lett 23, 555–558.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Dubrovskÿ, M., and Kalvová, J. (1998)The daily total ozone: the mean annual cycle and correlation with meteorological conditions. in Atmospheric Ozone (Proc. XVIII Quadrennial Ozone Symposium, L’Aquila, Italy, 12–21 Sept. 1996), p.33–36.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Dubrovskÿ, M. (in press) Analysis of UV-B irradiances measured simultaneously at two stations in the Czech Republic.J.Geophys.Res Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kalvová, J., and Dubrovskÿ, M. (1995) Assessment of the limits between which daily average values of total ozone can normally vary. Meteorol Bulletin 48, 9–17.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kudish, A.1., Evseev, E., and Kushelevsky, A. P. (1997) The analysis of ultraviolet radiation in the Dead sea basin, Israel, Int. J Climatology 17, 1697–1704.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Long, C. S., Miller, A. J., Lee, H.-T., Wild, J. D., Przywarty, R. C., and Hufford, D. (1996) Ultraviolet index forecasts issued by the National Weather Service, Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc 77, 729–748.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    McKenzie, R.L., Matthews, W. A., and Johnston, P. V. (1991) The relationship between erythemal UV and ozone, derived from spectral irradiance measurements, Geophys. Res. Lett 18, 2269–2272.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    McKinlay, A. F., and Diffey, B. L. (1987) A reference action spectrum for ultraviolet induced erythema ill human skin, in W. F. Passchier and B. F. M. Bosnajakovic (eds.) Human Exposure to Ultraviolet Radiation: Risks and Regulations, Elsevier, New York, pp. 83–87.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Németh, P., Tóth, Z., and Nagy, Z. (1996) Effect of weather conditions on UV-B radiation reaching the earth’s surface, J. Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology 32, 177–181.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Reinsel, G. C., Tiao, G. C., Wuebbles, D. J., Kerr, J. B., Miller, A. J., Nagatani, R. M., Bishop, L., and Ying, L. H. (1994) Seasonal trend analysis of published ground-based and TOMS total ozone data through 1991, J Geophys. Res 99, 5449–5464.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Rusch, D. W., Clancy, R. T., and Bhartia, P. K. (1994) Comparison of satellite measurements of ozone and ozone trends, J Geophys. Res 99, 20501–20511.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Solow, A.R. (1988) Detecting changes through time in the variance of a long-term hemispheric temperature record: an application of robust locally weighted regression. J.Climate 1, 290–296.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    VaníLček, K. (1991) The recalculated total ozone data, Hradec Králové, 1962–1990, Publications of the C_ech Hydrometeorological Institute, Praha. 34pp.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Vaniéek, K. (1992) Difference between recalculated and original Dobson total ozone data from Hradec Králové, Czechoslovakia, 1962–1990. In: Proc. Quadrennial Ozone Symposium, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA, 229–231.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Vaníéek, K. (1996) Operational nowcasting of ultraviolet solar radiation levels in CHMI [in Czech], Meteorological Bulletin 49, 47–52.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Martin Dubrovský
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Atmospheric PhysicsHradec KrálovéCzech Republic

Personalised recommendations