The United States: Legislation and Practice in Implementing the Protocol
On 2 October 1996, President William Clinton signed into law the Antarctic Science, Tourism and Conservation Act of 1996 (ASTCA).1 This act concluded four years of intense discussions between the administration and environmental organisations over the content and scope of US legislation needed for implementing the 1991 Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty.2 In the process, several critical environmental issues and policy considerations were debated intensely in order to fuse together the legislation necessary to ratify the Protocol.
KeywordsEnvironmental Impact Assessment Harmful Interference Antarctic Treaty Comprehensive Environmental Evaluation Emergency Response Action
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