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Cosmic Defects and Cosmology

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Part of the Astrophysics and Space Science Library book series (ASSL, volume 247)

Abstract

We provide a pedagogical overview of defect models of structure formation. We first introduce the concept of topological defect, and describe how to classify them. We then show how defects might be produced in phase transitions in the Early Universe and approach non-pathological scaling solutions. A very heuristic account of structure formation with defects is the provided, following which we introduce the tool box required for high precision calculations of CMB and LSS power spectra in these theories. The decomposition into scalar vector and tensor modes is reviewed, following which we introduce the concept of unequal-time correlator. We use isotropy and causality to constrain the form of these correlators. We finally show how these correlators may be decomposed into eigenmodes, thereby reducing a defect problem to a series of “inflation” problems. We conclude with a short description of results in these theories and how they fare against observations. We finally describe yet another application of topological defects in cosmology: baryogenesis.

Keywords

Domain Wall Cosmic String Baryon Number Topological Defect Electroweak Phase Transition 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Theoretical Physics,The Blackett LaboratoryImperial CollegeLondonUK
  2. 2.Physics DepartmentBrown UniversityProvidenceUSA

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