Grégoire’s American Involvements

  • Richard H. Popkin
Part of the Archives Internationales D’Histoire des Idées / International Archives of the History of Ideas book series (ARCH, volume 169)


This paper will deal with ways in which the abbé Grégoire played a role in affairs of the new United States of America. One was in his discussion with John Carroll of Baltimore, the first Roman Catholic bishop in the United States, about the importance of the separation of church and state. The other is the role Grégoire played in a strange attempt to found a Jewish homeland, a Jewish state, on an island off Buffalo, New York. Although the second episode occurred later, it may be better to treat it first, and indicate how Gregoire’s view of the importance of the separation of church and state played a role in both these affairs.


United States Constitution French Revolution Religious Freedom Jewish State Jewish Question 
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    On this episode, see Popkin, “The Problem of Religious Freedom,” pp. 311-312. Grégoire, in his Histoire des sectes religieuses, 1828 ed., T. I, ch. i, gives a detailed picture of the campaign against religion during the Reign of Terror. Grégoire’s speech, enlarged, was published as Discours sur la liberté des cultes, An III de la Revolution. Google Scholar
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    Grégoire sent much material to Bishop Carroll in Baltimore, as well letters, discussing the French and American situations with regard to religious liberty. On this see Popkin, “The Problem of Religious Freedom,” pp. 318-322.Google Scholar

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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2000

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  • Richard H. Popkin

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