Design for X pp 96-106 | Cite as

Design for Competition: The Swedish DFX Experience

  • Margareta Norell
  • Sören Andersson


This chapter presents some results from a number of investigations concerning impact on concurrency and efficiency from the use of Design for X (DFX) tools in product development in Swedish industry. The project has been performed through an inter-disciplinary research programme with cooperation between Department of Machine Design at Royal Institute of Technology and Department of Psychology at Stockholm University. The studies were carried out in industrial sectors of mechanical and electro-mechanical products. Studied tools include DFA — Design for Assembly, FMEA — Failure Mode and Effects Analysis, QFD — Quality Function Deployment and EPS — Environmental Priority Strategies. The results have proven valid for product development in general. Important results are:
  • • No tool will create concurrent engineering unless the organization of work is adapted to a high degree of co-operation between functions, e.g. marketing, design and manufacturing, and competence domains.

  • • Use of the tools and/or information technology in product development could give excellent support to concurrent engineering if the implementation is made with regards to co-operative work.

  • • Design for competition demands a simultaneous focusing on both product development process and the persons in the process.


Life Cycle Assessment Product Development Support Tool Quality Function Deployment Product Development Process 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Andreasen, M.M. (1983) Integrated Product Development — a new framework for methodical design, In: Proceedings of ICED 83, Heurista, Zürich.Google Scholar
  2. Andreasen, M.M.; Hein, L. (1987) Integrated Product Development, IFS Publications Ltd., Springer Verlag, UK.Google Scholar
  3. Boothroyd, G.; Dewhurst, P. (1989) Product Design for Assembly, Boothroyd Dewhurst Inc., Wakefield, RI.Google Scholar
  4. Hovmark, S.; Norell, M. (1994) The GAPT model: Four approaches to the application of design tools, Journal of Engineering Design.Google Scholar
  5. IEC Standard (1985) Analysis techniques for system reliability — Procedure for failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA), Bureau Central de la Commision Electrotechnique Internationale, Genève, Suisse.Google Scholar
  6. Mekanresultat 85 02 08 (1985) Integrerad produktutveckling — en arbetsmodell, (in Swedish) Sveriges mekanförbund, Stockholm.Google Scholar
  7. Norell, M. (1992) Advisory Tools and Co-operation in Product Development (Doctoral dissertationin, in Swedish), TRITA-MAE-1992:7, Department of Machine Elements, The Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm.Google Scholar
  8. Norell, M. (1993) The use of DFA, FMEA and QFD as tools for Concurrent Engineering in Product Development Processes, In: Proceedings of ICED 93, The Hague.Google Scholar
  9. Olsson, F. (1976) Systematisk konstruktion (Doctoral dissertation, in Swedish), Department of Machine Design, Lunds Tekniska Högskola.Google Scholar
  10. Ritzén, S.; Norell, M. (1995) LCA and EPS — experiences from use in industry, a pilot study, In: Proceedings of ICED 95, Praha.Google Scholar
  11. Ryding, S.O.; Steen, B. (1991) The EPS SYSTEM, a PC-based system for development and application of environmental priority strategies in product design — from cradle to grave, Swedish Environmental Research Institute, IVL B 1002, Gothenburg.Google Scholar
  12. Sullivan, L.P. (1986) Quality Function Deployment, Quality Progress, June.Google Scholar
  13. Womack, J.P.; Jones, D.T.; Roos, D. (1991) The machine that changed the world, New York: Harper Perennial.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Margareta Norell
  • Sören Andersson

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations