Some Methodological Criticisms of Darwin’s Theory
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The meaning of natural selection can be epigrammatically summarized as ‘the survival of the fittest’. Here ‘survival’ does not, of course, mean the bodily advance of a single individual, outliving Methuselah. It implies, in its present-day interpretation, perpetuation as a source for future generations. That individual ‘survives’ best which leaves the most offspring. Again, to speak of an animal as ‘fittest’ does not necessarily imply that it is strongest or mosy healthy, or would win a beauty competition. Essentially it denotes nothing more than leaving most offspring. The general principle of natural selection, in fact, merely amounts to the statement that the individuals which leave most offspring are those which leave most offspring. It is a tautology.2
KeywordsNatural Selection Actual Survival Reasonable Expectation Methodological Criticism Existential Quantifier
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