Positivist Models of Explanation
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The positivists followed the empiricist tradition of Bacon, Hume and J.S. Mill in defending the following model of explanation:1 one explains the individual fact that a is G by means of a law, that is, a true generalization,2 and certain individual facts, called the initial conditions, which are such that they and the law together jointly entail or logically imply the fact to be explained.
KeywordsGeometrical Optic Positivist Model Existence Claim Empiricist Tradition Cognitive Interest
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