Advertisement

Subcategorization and Sentence Processing

  • Paul Gorrell
Chapter
Part of the Studies in Linguistics and Philosophy book series (SLAP, volume 44)

Abstract

In this chapter I will discuss two issues concerned with the relationship between lexical information associated with verbs and syntactic processing. By syntactic processing, I mean that aspect of human sentence comprehension that recovers a syntactic structure for a given word string. First, I will examine two structural ambiguities in Mandarin (Gorrell and Chen, 1988) and discuss how they can be successfully parsed within the framework of minimal commitment parsing models (Marcus, Hindle, and Fleck, 1983; Berwick and Weinberg, 1985). I will then turn to a discussion of some recent experimental work investigating structural ambiguity in English and relate this to the Mandarin examples. This discussion will turn on the availability of subcategorization information associated with ambiguous verbs.

Keywords

Lexical Decision Ambiguity Resolution Direct Object Embed Clause Syntactic Processing 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Berwick, R. and A. Weinberg: 1985, ‘Deterministic Parsing: A Modern View’, Proceedings of NELS 15, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, p. 15–33.Google Scholar
  2. Burzio, L.: 1986, Italian Syntax, Reidel, Dordrecht, Holland.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Chodorow, M.: 1976, Experimental Studies of Syntactic and Lexical Processes in Language Comprehension, Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Psychology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts.Google Scholar
  4. Chomsky, N.: 1965, Aspects of the Theory of Syntax, MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.Google Scholar
  5. Chomsky, N.: 1981, Lectures on Government and Binding: The Pisa Lectures, Foris, Dordrecht, Holland.Google Scholar
  6. Chomsky, N.: 1986, Barriers, MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.Google Scholar
  7. Clark, R. and E. Gibson: 1988, ‘A Parallel Model For Adult Sentence Processing’, Proceedings of the Tenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, pp. 270–276Google Scholar
  8. Clifton, C., L. Frazier, and C. Connine: 1984, ‘Lexical Expectations in Sentence Comprehension’, Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior 23, 696–708.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Fodor, J.A., T. Bever, and M. Garrett: 1974, The Psychology of Language, McGraw-Hill, New York.Google Scholar
  10. Fodor, J.A., M. Garrett, and T. Bever: 1968, ‘Some Syntactic Determinants of Sentential Complexity II, Verb Structure’, Perception and Psychophysics 3, 453–461.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Fodor, J.D.: 1978, ‘Parsing Strategies and Constraints on Transformations’, Linguistic Inquiry 9, 427–473.Google Scholar
  12. Fodor, J.D.: 1985, ‘Deterministic Parsing and Subjacency’, Language and Cognitive Processes 1, 3–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Ford, M., J. Bresnan, and R. Kaplan: 1982, ‘A competence based theory of syntactic closure’, in J. Bresnan (ed.), The Mental Representation of Grammatical Relations, MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, pp. 727–796Google Scholar
  14. Frazier, L.: 1987, ‘Against Lexical Generation of Syntax’, unpublished manuscript, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts.Google Scholar
  15. Frazier, L. and J.D. Fodor: 1978, ‘The Sausage Machine: A New Two-stage Parsing Model’, Cognition 6, 291–325.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Frazier, L. and K. Rayner: 1982, ‘Making and Correcting Errors During Sentence Comprehension: Eye Movements in the Analysis of Structurally Ambiguous Sentences’, Cognitive Psychology 14, 178–210.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Goodman, G., J. McClelland, and R. Gibbs: 1981, ‘The Role of Syntactic Context in Word Recognition’, Memory and Cognition 9, 580–586.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Gorrell, P.: 1987, Studies in Human Syntactic Processing: Ranked-Parallel Versus Serial Models, Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Linguistics, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut.Google Scholar
  19. Gorrell, P.: 1988a, ‘Lexical Decision and Structural Ambiguity’, unpublished manuscript, Department of Linguistics, University of Maryland College Park, College Park, Maryland.Google Scholar
  20. Gorrell, P.: 1988b, ‘Evaluating the Heads-of-Phrases Hypothesis’, unpublished manuscript, Department of Linguistics, University of Maryland College Park, College Park, Maryland.Google Scholar
  21. Gorrell, P.: 1989, ‘Establishing the Loci of Serial and Parallel Effects in Syntactic Processing’, Journal of Psycholinguistic Research 18, 61–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Gorrell, P. and Q. Chen: 1988, ‘Minimal Commitment Parsing: Two Examples from Mandarin’, Proceedings of the 1988 Eastern States Conference on Linguistics, Ohio State University Press, Columbus, Ohio.Google Scholar
  23. Huang, J.: 1984, ‘On the Distribution and Reference of Empty Pronouns’, Linguistic Inquiry 15, 531–574.Google Scholar
  24. Huang, J.: 1987, ‘Remarks on Empty Categories in Chinese’, Linguistic Inquiry 18, 321–337.Google Scholar
  25. Kurtzman, H.: 1985, Studies In Syntactic Ambiguity Resolution, Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Psychology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts. Distributed by Indiana University Linguistics Club, Bloomington, Indiana.Google Scholar
  26. Lukatela, G., A. Kostic, L. Feldman, and M. Turvey: 1983, ‘Grammatical Priming of Inflected Nouns’, Memory and Cognition 11, 59–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Marcus, M.: 1980, A Theory Of Syntactic Recognition For Natural Language, MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.Google Scholar
  28. Marcus, M., D. Hindle, and M. Fleck: 1983, ‘D-theory: Talking about Talking about Trees’, Proceedings of the 21st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, Morristown, New Jersey, pp. 129–136.Google Scholar
  29. Mitchell, D.: 1987, ‘Lexical Guidance in Human Parsing: Locus and Processing Characteristics’, in M. Coltheart (ed.), Attention and Performance XII: The Psychology of Reading, LEA Publishers, Hillsdale, New Jersey, pp. 601–618.Google Scholar
  30. Mitchell, D. and V. Holmes: 1985, ‘The Role of Specific Information about the Verb in Parsing Sentences with Local Structural Ambiguity’, Journal of Memory and Language 24, 542–559.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Nicol, J.: 1989, ‘What the Parser Knows about the Grammar: Psycholinguistic Evidence’, Proceedings of West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics VIII, pp. 289–302.Google Scholar
  32. Ni, W.: 1987, ‘Empty Topics in Chinese’, University of Connecticut Working Papers in Linguistics, Volume 1, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut, pp. 81–86.Google Scholar
  33. Perlmutter, D.: 1978, ‘Impersonal Passive and the Unaccusative Hypothesis’, Proceedings of the Berkeley Linguistics Society, 4, pp. 157–189.Google Scholar
  34. Pritchett, B.: 1988, ‘Garden Path Phenomena and the Grammatical Basis of Language Processing’, Language 64, 539–576.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Pritchett, B.: this volume, ‘Subjaceny in a Principle-Based Parser’, pp. 301–345.Google Scholar
  36. Shapiro, L., E. Zurif, and J. Grimshaw: 1987, ‘Sentence Processing and the Mental Representation of Verbs’, Cognition 27, 219–246.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Wright, B. and M. Garrett: 1984, ‘Lexical Decision in Sentences: Effects of Syntactic Structure’, Memory and Cognition 12, 31–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paul Gorrell
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of LinguisticsUniversity of Maryland at College ParkCollege ParkUSA

Personalised recommendations