Recent Marsh Foraminifera from the East Coast of South America: Comparison to the Northern Hemisphere

  • David B. Scott
  • Enrique J. Schnack
  • Laura Ferrero
  • Marcela Espinosa
  • Catia F. Barbosa
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (ASIC, volume 327)


A large body of information exists on marsh foraminifera of North America but until now few quantitative studies had been done at corresponding latitudes in the southern hemisphere. To remedy this situation, we sampled six marshes along the eastern coast of South America from Tierra del Fuego (54°S) to Guaratuba, Brazil (25°S). The southernmost area corresponds in latitude to work done in Hudson-James Bay marshes and the South American material is almost identical to Hudson-James Bay with Polysaccammina ipohalina and Trochammina macrescens dominating. Marshes in between are more similar to the Californian marshes with Trochammina inflata dominating high marsh areas. In the Brazilian marsh, which is in the southernmost limit of mangroves, the fauna is similar to that found in the Mississippi Delta marshes, at approximately the same latitude north. Species here include Haplophragmoides wilberti and Arenoparrella mexicana. This study illustrates that marsh foraminifera do respond to latitudinal gradients in both hemispheres of the Americas.


Marsh Surface Mangrove Area Marsh Area Mississippi Delta Calcareous Species 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • David B. Scott
    • 1
  • Enrique J. Schnack
    • 2
  • Laura Ferrero
    • 3
  • Marcela Espinosa
    • 3
  • Catia F. Barbosa
    • 3
  1. 1.Centre for Marine GeologyDalhousie UniversityHalifaxCanada
  2. 2.Centro de Geologias de CostasUniversity de Mar del PlataMar del PlataArgentina
  3. 3.Instituto de GeoscienciasUniversidade de Sao Paulo (SP)BrasilPoland

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