Advertisement

Deep Water Agglutinated Foraminiferal Assemblages from Upper Cretaceous Red Shales of the Magura Nappe / Polish Outer Carpathians

  • Ewa Malata
  • Nestor Oszczypko
Chapter
  • 462 Downloads
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (ASIC, volume 327)

Abstract

At the Cenomanian/Turonian boundary in the Outer Carpathian basin the sedimentation of black and green Radiolarian shales was replaced by deposition of variegated shales reflecting a distinct change in sedimentary conditions from anaerobic to aeorobic. Sedimentation of the Turonian to Lower Senonian variegated shales preceded uplift of the intrabasinal source areas supplying clastic material for the Upper Senonian to Paleocene turbiditic deposits.

In the Late Cretaceous the Magura basin was the largest and innermost of the Carpathian basins being bounded on the north and south by zones of sedimentation of variegated marls. In the Magura basin the transition from deep water pelagic red shales to overlying turbiditic deposits is gradual through turbiditic variegated marls and turbiditic limestones.

Foraminiferal assemblages studied from the Upper Cretaceous red shales consist exclusively of agglutinated benthic taxa. Three assemblages of DWAF (deep water agglutinated foraminifers) can be distinguished (1) Uvigerinammina jankoi showing intermediate character between flysch-type and abyssal assemblages, (2) Hormosina gigantea and (3) Plectorecurvoides sp. representing flysch-type assemblages.

Keywords

Black Shale Foraminiferal Assemblage Planktonic Foraminifer Cretaceous Deposit Pelagic Sedimentation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Berthelin, M. (1880) Memoire sur les Foraminifères fossiles de l’étage Albien de Monteley (Doubs), Mem. Soc. Geol. France Ser. 3, 1, 5, 1–84.Google Scholar
  2. Bieda, F., Geroch, S., Koszarski, L., Ksiazkiewicz, M., and Zytko, K. (1963) Stratigraphie des Carpathes Externes Polonaises, Biul. Inst. Geol. 181, 5–174.Google Scholar
  3. Birkenmajer, K. (1977) Jurassic and Cretaceous Lithostratigraphic Units of the Pieniny Klippen Belt, Carpathians, Stud. Geol. Pol. 45, 1–159.Google Scholar
  4. Birkenmajer, K. (1986) Stages of structural evolution of the Pieniny Klippen Belt, Carpathians, Stud. Geol. Pol. 88, 7–32.Google Scholar
  5. Birkenmajer, K., and Geroch, S. (1961) On the age of Variegated Beds (shales) in the Pieniny Klippen Belt, Carpathians, Bull. Acad. Polon. Sci., Ser. Geol. Geogr., 9/4, 213–220Google Scholar
  6. Birkenmajer, K., and Oszczypko, N. (1989) Cretaceous and Palaeogene lithosptratigraphic units of the Magura nappe, Krynica subunit, Carpathians, Annal. Soc. Geol. Polon. 59/1–2, 145–181.Google Scholar
  7. Birkenmajer, K., Dudziak, J., Jednorowska, A., and Kutyba, J. (1987) Foraminiferal — nannoplankton evidence for Maestrichtian and Paleocene Ages of the Jarmuta Formation: its bearing on dating Laramian Orogeny in the Pieniny Klippen Belt, Carpathians, Bull. Acad. Pol. Sci. Ser. Geol. Geogr. 35/4, 287–298.Google Scholar
  8. Blaicher, J. (1958) The microfauna of the Magura series of the Grybow region (Middle Carpathians), Kwart. Geol. 2, 385–399.Google Scholar
  9. Burtan, J., Paul, Z., and Watycha, L. (1978) Objasnienia do szczególowej mapy geologicznej Polski: Arkusz Mszana Dolna, Inst. Geol. Wyd. Geol. 1–68.Google Scholar
  10. Cieszkowski, M., Oszczypko, N., and Zuchiewicz, W. (in press) Turbiditic limestones in the Inoceramian Beds at Szczawa, Magura nappe, Polish West Carpathians, Bull. Pol. Acad. Sci., Earth Sci.Google Scholar
  11. Decker, K., and Rögl, F. (1988) Early Cretaceous agglutinated foraminifera from limestone-marl rhytmites of the Gresten Klippen Belt, Eastern Alps, Austria, Abh. Geol. B.-A. 41, 41–59.Google Scholar
  12. Dylazanka, M. (1923) Warstwy inoceramowe z lomu w Szymbarku kolo Gorlic, Rocznik PTG 1, 36–80.Google Scholar
  13. Geroch, S. (1960) Microfaunal assemblages from the Cretaceous and Paleogene of the Silesian unit in the Beskid Slaski Mts. (Silesian Carpathians), Biul. Inst. Geol. 153, 7–138.Google Scholar
  14. Geroch, S. (1966) Lower Cretaceous small foraminifera of the Silesian Series, Polish Carpathians, Annal. Soc. Geol. Pologne 36/4, 413–480.Google Scholar
  15. Geroch, S., and Gradzinski, R. (1955) Stratigraphy of the Subsilesian series in the tectonic window of Zywiec (W. Carpathians), Annal. Soc. Geol. Pologne 24, 3–62.Google Scholar
  16. Geroch, S., and Nowak, W. (1984) Proposal of zonation for the Late Tithonian-Late Eocene, based upon arenaceous foraminifera from the Outer Carpathians, Poland, Benthos83, 2nd Intern. Symp. on Benthic Foraminifera, Pau 1983, 225–239.Google Scholar
  17. Geroch, S., Jednorowska, A., Ksiazkiewicz, M., and Liszkowa, J. (1967) Stratigraphy based upon microfauna in the Western Polish Carpathians Biul. Inst. Geol. 211, 185–267.Google Scholar
  18. Grzybowski, J. (1896) Otwornice czerwonych ilowzWadowic, Rozprawy Wydz. Matemat.Przyrod. Akad. Umiejetnosci w Krakowie 30, 261–308.Google Scholar
  19. Grzybowski, J. (1901) Otwornice warstw inoceramowych okolicy Gorlic, Rozprawy Wydz. Matemat.-Przyrod. Akad. Umiejetnosci w Krakowie 41, 219–288.Google Scholar
  20. Haig, D. W. (1979) Global distribution patterns for mid-Cretaceous foraminiferids, J. Foram. Res. 9, 29–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Hanzlikova, E. (1953) Micropaleontological-stratigraphical evaluation of the Bore Zukov NP. 15, Sborn. UUG Odd. Paleont. 20.Google Scholar
  22. Hanzlikova, E. (1973) Foraminifers of the Variegated Godula Member in Moravia (Cenomanian-Turonian), Sborn. Geol. Ved Rada P, 15, 119–182.Google Scholar
  23. Hemleben, C., and Troester, J. (1984) Campanian-Maestrichtian deep-water foraminifers from Hole 543A, Deep Sea Drilling Project, Init. Repts. DSDP, 78A and 78B, 509–532.Google Scholar
  24. Huss, F. (1966) Les foraminiferes agglutinants de la serie Sous-Silésienne de l’unite petrolifere de Weglówka (Karpates Flyscheuses Polonaises), Prace Geol. Kom. Nauk Geol. PAN Oddz. Krakow 34, 7–54.Google Scholar
  25. Jednorowska, A. (1980) Microfauna and age of the Malinowa Shale Formation (Upper Cretaceous) in the Pieniny Klippen Belt, (Carpathians), Stud. Geol. Pol. 67, 7–20.Google Scholar
  26. Krasheninnikov, V. (1973) Cretaceous benthonic foraminifera, Leg 20, Deep Sea Drilling Project, Init. Repts. DSDP, 20, 205–219.Google Scholar
  27. Krasheninnikov, V.(1974) Upper Cretaceous benthonic agglutinated foraminifera, Leg 27 of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, Init. Rept. DSDP, 27, 631–661.Google Scholar
  28. Krasheninnikov, V., and Pflaumann, U. (1978) Cretaceous agglutinated foraminifera of the Atlantic Ocean off West Africa (Leg 41, Deep Sea Drilling Project), Init. Repts. DSDP, 41, 565–580.Google Scholar
  29. Kuhnt, W. (1987) Upper Cretaceous foraminiferal assemblages of the external units of the Rif (Northern Morocco) — a paleobathymetric model of the Late Mesozoic North African continental margin, Geologie Medit. 14/2, 109–131.Google Scholar
  30. Kuhnt, W., and Kaminski, M. (1989) Upper Cretaceous deep-water agglunated benthic foraminiferal assemblages from the Western Mediterranean and adjacent areas, In: Wiedmann, J. (Ed.), Cretaceous of the Western Tethys. Proc. 3rd Intern. Cretaceous Symp., Tubingen 1987.Google Scholar
  31. Liszka, S., and Liszkowa, J. (1981) Revision of J. Grzybowski’s paper (1896) “Foraminifera of the red clays from Wadowice”, Annal. Soc. Geol. Pol. 57/1–2, 153–208.Google Scholar
  32. Liszkowa, J. (1956) Mikrofauna serii podslaskiej, Przegl. Geol. 10, 463–469.Google Scholar
  33. Majzon, L. (1943) Beitrage zur Kenntnis einiger Flysch — Schichten des Karpathen — Vorlandes mit Rucksicht auf die Globotruncanen, Evk. Magy. All. Eotvos Lorand Geofiz. Intez. 37, 1, 1–117.Google Scholar
  34. Moullade, M., Kuhnt, W., and Thurow, J. (1988) Agglutinated benthic foraminifers from Upper Cretaceous variegated clays of the North Atlantic Ocean (DSDP Leg 93 and ODP Leg 103), Proc, Scient. Results 103, 349–377.Google Scholar
  35. Mutti, E., and Ricci Lucchi, F. (1975) Turbidite facies and facies associations. In: E. Mutti, G.C. Parea, F. Ricci Lucchi, M. Sagri, G. Zanzucchi, G. Ghibaudo, and S. Iaccarino, Examples of turbidite facies and associations from selected formations of the Northern Apenines, Guide of excursion 11, 9th Intern. Congr. Sedim. Nice, 21–36.Google Scholar
  36. Pickering, K., Stow, D., Watson, M., and Hiscot, R. (1986) Deep-water facies processes and models: A review and classification scheme for modern and ancient sediments, Earth-Science Reviews 23, 75–174.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Reuss, A.E. (1845) Die Versteinerungen der böhmishen Kreideformation. Stuttgart: E. Schweizerbart, Abth. 1, 1–58.Google Scholar
  38. Shanmugam, G., and Moiola, R.J. (1985) Submarine fan models: Problems and solutions, In A.H. Bouma, N.E. Barnes, and W.R. Normark, Submarine Fans and related turbidite sequences, Springer-Verlag.Google Scholar
  39. Sikora, W. (1970) Geology of the Magura nappe between Szymbark Ruski and Nawojowa, Biul. Inst. Geol. 235, 5–97.Google Scholar
  40. Sikora, W., and Zytko, K. (1959) Geology of the Beskid Wysoki Range south of Zywiec (Western Carpathians), Biul. Inst. Geol. 141, 61–165.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ewa Malata
    • 1
  • Nestor Oszczypko
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Geological SciencesJagiellonian UniversityKrakowPoland

Personalised recommendations