Advertisement

Abstract

At the time of her coronation in 1650 the Swedish Queen, through her promises of learned patronage, had become known as a “Semiramis of the North” and a “Minerva of the Parnassus” — or even as the “Queen Sheba at Solomon’s court.” In keeping with her self-styled role as “Christina Alexandra,” she planned an “Alexanderplatz” in Stockholm with equestrian statues reminiscent of Bucephalos, the horse of the Macedonian king. Her imagery was promoted by scholars who sought to interest the Queen in their books and who summarized new research in laudatory epigrams. Flattery like this can be found among the letters of Milton, Marvell, and Pascal; but they reached a peak in Alexander Morus’s rhetorical encomium, when in 1656 he saw the Swedish Queen as leading the restitution of the Golden Age by gathering in the tribes of learning from their dispersion.1

Keywords

European Language Abstracted Principle Ancient Model Swedish Language Comparative Religion 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 1.
    Jonathan I. Israel and David S. Katz (eds.), Sceptics, Millenarinas, and Jews (Leiden, 1989), 142–160.Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    Fritz Arnheim, “Die Universal Universität des Grossen Kurfursten und ihre geistigen Urheber” (Bengt Skytte [1614–1683]) Monatshefte der Comenius Gesellschaft, XX (1911), 19–35.Google Scholar
  3. 3a.
    Margery Purver, The Royal Society-Concept and Creation (London, 1967), 220–233.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Charles Webster, The Great Instauration: Science, Medicine and Reform 1626–1660 (London, 1975), 98.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Leon Tolmer, Pierre Daniel Huet, Humaniste-Physicien (Bayeux, 1949).Google Scholar
  6. 7.
    Magnus O. Celsius, Kort historia över Kungl, Biblioteket i Stockholm 1751, translated into Swedish by John Röhstrom, Acta Bibliotecae Regiae Stockholmiensis (Stockholm, 1961).Google Scholar
  7. 7a.
    René Pintard, Le Libertinage Erudit dans la premier moitée de la XVII: me Siècle (Paris, 1943), 308–403.Google Scholar
  8. 7b.
    Arckenholtz, Mémoires concernant Christine, reine de Suède pour servir d’éclaircissment á l’histoire de son regne et principalment de sa vie privée, et aux evenements de son temps civile et literaire (Amsterdam, 1751–1760), II, Appendices.Google Scholar
  9. 7c.
    Gerhard Oestereich, Neostoicism and the Modern State (Cambridge, Eng., 1982).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 8.
    Una Birch Pope-Hennesy, Anna van Schurmann, artist, scholar, saint (London, 1909), 99.Google Scholar
  11. 9.
    Johan Nordstrom “Några notiser om Drottning Kristinas akademier” Lychnos (1940), 333–341, 336, 337.Google Scholar
  12. 9a.
    Harald Wieseigren, “Drottning Kristinas Bibliotek och bibliotekarier före hennes bosättning i Rom,” Kungliga Vitterhets Historie och Antigvitets Akademiens Handlingar, XIII, 2 (Stockholm, 1901)Google Scholar
  13. 9b.
    Christian Callmer, Königin Christina Ihre Bibliotekare und Ihre Handschriften (Acta Bibliotecae Regiae Stockholmiensis, Stockholm, 1977)Google Scholar
  14. 9c.
    F. F. Blok, Contributions to the History of Isaac Vossius’s Library; Verhandelingen der Koninlijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen, Afd, Letterkunde, LXXXIII (1974)Google Scholar
  15. 9d.
    P. C. Boeren, Codices Vossiani Chymici. Biblioteca Universitatis Leidensis Codices Manuscripti xvii, Leiden 1975.Google Scholar
  16. 11.
    Johan Nordstrom (ed.), Georg Stiernhielms Samlade Skrifter-Filosofiska Fragment (Stockholm, 1924), I, cci.Google Scholar
  17. 12.
    Alan Gabbey, “The Bourdelot Academy and Mechanical Philosophy,” Seventeenth Century French Studies, VI (1984).Google Scholar
  18. 13.
    Elisabeth Pellegrin, “Catalogues de Manuscripts de Jean et Pierre Bourdelot. Concordance.” Scriptorium, XL (1986), 202–232.Google Scholar
  19. 14.
    J. A. Clarke, Gabriel Naudé, 1600–1653 (Hamden conn. 1970).Google Scholar
  20. 14a.
    Heinsius’ biographer F. F. Blok’s review of Christian Callmer, op. cit., in Quaerendo (Leiden, 1980), 70–77Google Scholar
  21. 14b.
    F. F. Blok, Nicolas Heinsius in dienst van Kristina van Zweden (Delft, 1949).Google Scholar
  22. 16.
    De Thiaudet, Dissertation en diverses matière de religion et de philologie (1714).Google Scholar
  23. 17.
    Arno Borst, Der Turmbau von Babel-Geschichte de Meinungen über Ursprung und Vielfalt der Sprachen und Volcker (Stuttgart, 1960)Google Scholar
  24. 17a.
    G. Bonfante, “Ideas on the Kinship of European Languages from 1200 to 1800,” Cahiers d’Histoire Mondiale, I (1953–54), 679–699.Google Scholar
  25. 17b.
    Daniel Droixie, La Linguistic et Vappel de Vhistoire (1600–1800), rationalisme et revolutions positivistes (Geneve, 1978), 37–40, 47.Google Scholar
  26. 17c.
    David S. Katz, “The Language of Adam in seventeenth-century England,” in H. Lloyd-Jones et al. (eds.), History and Imagination: Essays in honour of Hugh Trevor-Roper (London, 1981) 132–145.Google Scholar
  27. 22.
    Michael Astour and by Cyrus H. Gordon, esp. his, The Common background to Greek and Hebrew Civilisation (New York, 1966).Google Scholar
  28. 23.
    Anthony Grafton, “Protestant versus Prophet: Isaac Causubon on Hermes Trismegistos,” Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institute XLVI (1983), 78–93, esp.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 23a.
    Isaac Vossius’ symptomatic posthumous editions of G. J. Vossius’ De philosophia et philosophorum sectis (1658).Google Scholar
  30. 25.
    Johan Nordström, “Goter och Spanjorer II,” Lychnos (Uppsala, 1979).Google Scholar
  31. 27.
    Leon Poliakov, The Aryan Myth-a history of racist and nationalist ideas in Europe (Sussex, 1974), 133.Google Scholar
  32. 28.
    Gilles Menage, Menagiana (4 vols. Paris, 1729), II, 357.Google Scholar
  33. 29.
    Olof Rudbeck, Atland eller Mannheim 1679–1701 (repr. in 4 vols., Uppsala, 1937), I, 524.Google Scholar
  34. 30.
    G. Claretta, Cristina di Svezia in Italia 1655–1689 (Turin, 1892) 439 (letter XLVI, 20 July 1686).Google Scholar
  35. 34.
    Andre Robinet G. W. Leibniz Iter Italicum (Mars 1689-Mars 1690) -la dynamique de la Republique des Lettres. Accademia Toscana di Scienze e lettere (Firenze, 1988), 176–177.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Gianfranco Redavid (ed.), Opus Niger-gli scienziati alla corte Romana di Cristina di Svezia (Rome, 1989)Google Scholar
  37. 36a.
    Susanna Åkerman, “The Prophetic Moment in Queen Christina’s Abdication,” in Opus Niger (1989).Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    E. Carel, Vieira-sa vie et ses ouvres (Paris, 1879), 342–362, esp. 347ff.Google Scholar
  39. 40.
    Stefano Pignatelli, La Bellezza di Anima et la Bellezza di Corpore (Torino, 1674).Google Scholar
  40. 40a.
    Salvo Mastellone, Pensiero Politico e vita cuturale a Napoli nella seconda meta del Secento, Bibl. del Cult. Contemp. LXXXVII (Messina-Firenze, 1965), 89.Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Gilbert Burnet, Voyage de Suisse, d’Italie et de quelques endroits d’Allemagne et de France... (Amsterdam, 1687)Google Scholar
  42. 41a.
    Cesare D’Onofrio, Rom val bene un’Abiura -Storia Romana tra Cristina di Svezia, Piazza del Popolo e l’Accademia D’Arcadia (Rome, 1976), 263ff.Google Scholar
  43. 42.
    Walter Pagel, Das Medizinische Weltbild des Paracelsus, seine zusammenhange mit neu-Piatonismus und Gnosis. (Wiesbaden, 1962), 40–42,81–108, 117–119.Google Scholar
  44. 43.
    Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, “Reflexions on the Doctrine of a Single Universal Spirit” (1702)Google Scholar
  45. 43a.
    C. I. Gerhardt (ed.). Die Philosophische Schriften (7 vols., Hildesheim, 1965), VI, 529–538, 554.Google Scholar
  46. 43b.
    Susanna Åkerman, Queen Christina of Sweden and her Circle-The Transformation of a 17th Century Philosophical Libertine (Leiden, 1991).Google Scholar
  47. 44.
    Fabio Troncarelli, La Citta dei segreti-Magia, astrologia e cultura esoterica a Roma (XV–XVII), 213–220 (Rome, 1985).Google Scholar
  48. 44a.
    Luciano Pirotta, La Porta Ermetica (Un Tesoro Dimenticato) (Rome, 1979).Google Scholar
  49. 44b.
    Vinci Verginelli, Bibliotheca Hermetica Catalogo alqqanto Ragionato della Raccolta Verginelli-Rota di Antichi testi Ermetici (secoli xv-xviii) (Firenze, 1986), 84–93.Google Scholar
  50. 44c.
    Mino Gabriele, II Giardino di Hermes -Massimiliano Palombara alchimista e rosacroce nella Roma del Seicento (Rome, 1986), 90–91.Google Scholar
  51. 45.
    Anna Maria Partini (ed.), Giovanni Battista Comastri, Specchio della Verita-dedicata alia Regina Cristina di Svezia, Venezia, 1683 (Rome, 1989).Google Scholar
  52. 46.
    P. C. van Boeren, Codices Vossiani Chymici. Cod. Man 17. (Leiden, 1985).Google Scholar
  53. 47.
    F. F. Blok, “Contributions to the history of Queen Christina’s library,” Verh. der k. Nederlandse Akad. van Wetenschappen. afd. Letterkunde, N. R., LXXXIII (Amsterdam, 1974).Google Scholar
  54. 48.
    Christian Callmer, “Queen Christina’s Library of printed books in Rome,” in Magnus von Platen Christina of Sweden -Documents and Studies (Stockholm, 1966), 59, 68ff.Google Scholar
  55. 49.
    Jean-Francois Maillard, “Literature et Alchimie dans le Peruviana de Claude Barthelemy Morisot,” Dix-Septième-Siècle (1978), 171–184.Google Scholar
  56. 50.
    Johannes Franck, De principiis constitutivis lapidis philosophici, Uppsala 1645 or 1651. Thesis 38. Sten Lindroth, (1943), 305.Google Scholar
  57. 51.
    Jeanne Bignami Odier and Anna Maria Partini, “Cristina di Svezia e le Scienze Occulte,” Physis (1981), 251–278, 265ff.Google Scholar
  58. 52.
    Carl Bildt, Christine de Suède et le Cardinal Azzolino -Lettres inédits 1666–1668 (Paris, 1899), 314.Google Scholar
  59. 53.
    Riksarkivet Uppsala, Immanuel Teixera to Christina, Hamburg 1674.Google Scholar
  60. 53a.
    Herbert Breger, “Elias Artista-a precursor of the Messiah in natural science.” Nineteen Eighty-four-Science between Utopia and Dystopia. Sociology of Sciences yearbook vol. VIII. E. Mendelsohn and Helga Nowotny eds. Reidel, Dordrecht, Boston, Lancaster, 1984.Google Scholar
  61. 55.
    S. Rotta’s article in Dizionario biografico degli Italiani (Rome, 1971),XIII, 4–12.Google Scholar
  62. 55a.
    Henry Charles Lea, A History of the Inquisition of Spain (London, 1922) IV, 44–45.Google Scholar
  63. 57.
    [Gregori Leti], L’Ambasciata di Romolo a Romani (Cologue [Geneva?], 1676), 697ff.Google Scholar
  64. 58.
    A. Rupert Hall and Marie Boas Hall (eds.), The Correspondence of Henry Oldenburg (Milwaukee, 1965).Google Scholar
  65. 59.
    Charles Mackey, Extraordinary Popular Delusions and the Madness of Crowds (London, 1841), 210–211.Google Scholar
  66. 60.
    B. Neveu, Regia Fortuna ⋯ Le Palais Farnese (Rome, 1981), 477–480.Google Scholar
  67. 60a.
    Gale E. Christianson, In the prescence of the Creator-Isaac Newton and his Times (London, 1984), 114.Google Scholar
  68. 60b.
    K. von Webern Aus vier Jahrhunderten (Dresden, 1861), II, 6lff.Google Scholar
  69. 63.
    Karl Erik Steneberg, “Le Blon, Quellinus, Millich and the Swedish Court Parnassus,” in Magnus von Platen (ed.), Queen Christina -Documents and studies (Stockholm, 1966), 332–364.Google Scholar
  70. 64.
    K. E. Steneberg, Kristinatidens Måleri (Malmö, 1955), 90.Google Scholar
  71. 65.
    H. de la Fontaine Verway, “Michel Le Blon, graveur, kunsthandelaar, diplomaat,” in Drukkers, liefhebbers en piraten in de zevende eeuw (Amsterdam, 1980), 103–128.Google Scholar
  72. 66.
    H. H. Knippenberg, Rever Anslo -zijn leven en letterkundig werk (Amsterdam, 1913), 81.Google Scholar
  73. 67.
    Kurt Johanneson, I Polstjärnans tecken -Studier i Svensk Barock, Lychnos Bibliotek, (Uppsala 1968).Google Scholar
  74. 67a.
    Johan Ekeblads brev 20 January 1653, De La Gardiska Arkivet, VIII (Stockholm, 1835), 198.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Susanna Åkerman

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations