The main point of psychologic interest here involved is that logical relations that are in many, probably most, languages expressed by syntactic means are in several American languages expressed, to at least some extent, by morphologic, or, if preferred, compositional processes. “I song-write” is such a replacement of the syntactic “I write songs”, but the replacement is logically and psychologically parallel to that of “as white as snow” by “snow-white”. In both cases the grammatical expression of a logical relation, in other words a syntactic process, is sacrificed to a compositional process in which the logical relation is only implied. The sacrifice of syntax to morphology or word-building is indeed a general tendency in more than one American language. [Sapir 1911:257]
KeywordsLexical Entry Semantic Role Syntactic Process Grammatical Function Lexical Category
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