Advertisement

Functional Categories and Early Swedish

  • Christer Platzack
Part of the Studies in Theoretical Psycholinguistics book series (SITP, volume 16)

Abstract

To learn a language, we must learn the words of the language, and in addition its principles of sentence structure. For many years linguists have considered these two tasks to be quite different. However, in recent years linguistic research within quite diverse frameworks has been converging on the idea that sentence structure is to a large extent a reflection of the properties of lexical items. Within the theoretical framework which has developed since the publication of Chomsky’s (1981) Lectures on Government and Binding, and which is at present often referred to as the Principles and Parameters approach, most linguists are of the opinion that at D-structure all arguments in the theta-grid are projected to positions which are dominated by a projection of the verb (or some other lexical category). In a full-fledged sentence, the verb projection in its turn is the complement of a functional head.1

Keywords

Functional Category Word Order Tensed Form Main Clause External Argument 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Chomsky, N.: 1981, Lectures on Government and Binding, Foris, Dordrecht.Google Scholar
  2. Clahsen, H.: 1988, ‘Parametrized grammatical theory and language acquisition: a study of the acquisition of verb placement and inflection by children and adults’, in S. Flynn and W. O’Neil (eds.), Linguistic Theory in Second Language Acquisition, Kluwer, Dordrecht.Google Scholar
  3. Clahsen, H.: 1990, ‘Constraints on parameter setting. A grammatical analysis of some acquisition stages in German child language’, Language Acquisition 1, 361–391.Google Scholar
  4. Guilfoyle, E.: 1990, ‘Functional categories and phrase structure parameters’, Ph.D. dissertation, McGiIl University, Montreal.Google Scholar
  5. Holmberg, A. and C. Platzack: (forthcoming), The Role of Inflection in the Syntax of the Scandinavian Languages, to be published by Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Jordens, P.: 1990, ‘Utterances without functional words: Comment on Christer Platzack’s paper’, Nordic Journal of linguistics 13, 127–133.Google Scholar
  7. Kaiser, G. and J.M. Meisel: 1991, ’subjekte und Null-Subjekte im Französischen’, in G. Fanselow and S. Olsen (eds.), DET, COMP und INFL. Zur Syntax funktionaler Kategorien und grammatischer Funktionen, Niemeyer, Tübingen.Google Scholar
  8. Kayne, R.: 1990, ‘Romance clitics, verb movement, and PRO’, Linguistic Inquiry 22, 647–686.Google Scholar
  9. Lange, S.: 1974, ‘En preliminär grammatisk analys av språket hos Freja från 20 till 41 månaders ålder. Del 1. Freja 1-5, ålder 20-22 månader’, ms., Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för nordiska språk.Google Scholar
  10. Lange, S.: 1975, ‘En preliminär grammatisk analys av språket hos Freja från 20 till 41 månaders ålder. Del 2. Freja 6-10, ålder 22-24 månader’, ms., Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för nordiska språk.Google Scholar
  11. Lange, S.: 1976, ‘En preliminär grammatisk analys av språket hos Freja från 20 till 41 månaders ålder. Del 3. Freja 11-15, ålder 25-27 månader’, ms., Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för nordiska språk.Google Scholar
  12. Lange, S. and K. Larsson: 1972, ’syntaxen i en 20-22 månader gammal flickas spontana tal.’ Folkmålsstudier 23, 117–142.Google Scholar
  13. Lange, S. and K. Larsson: 1973,’ syntactic development of a Swedish girl Embla, between 20 and 42 months of Age. Part 1. Age 20-25 mo’, ms., Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för nordiska språk.Google Scholar
  14. Larsson, K.: 1975, ‘En preliminär grammatisk analys av språket hos Tor från 20 till 43 månaders ålder. Del 1. Tor 1-5, ålder 20-22 månader’, ms., Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för nordiska språk.Google Scholar
  15. Larsson, K.: 1977, ‘En preliminär grammatisk analys av språket hos Tor från 20 till 43 månaders ålder. Del 2. Tor 6-10, ålder 23-26 månader’, ms., Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för nordiska språk.Google Scholar
  16. Lebeaux, D.: 1989, ‘Parameter-setting, the acquisition sequence, and the form of the grammar: The composition of phrase structure’, paper presented at GLOW, Utrecht 1989.Google Scholar
  17. Lundin, B.: 1988, Bisatser i små barns språk. En analys av fem barns första bisatser, Lund University Press, Lund, 2nd ed.Google Scholar
  18. Meisel, J.: 1990, ‘INFL-ection: Subjects and subject-verb agreement in early child language. Evidence from simultaneous acquisition of two first languages: German and French’, in J. Meisel (ed.), Two First Languages. Early Grammatical Developmenr in Bilingual Children, Foris, Dordrecht.Google Scholar
  19. Piaget, J.: 1971, The Construction of Reality in the Child, Ballentine Books, New York.Google Scholar
  20. Platzack. C.: 1986, ‘COMP, INFL, and Germanic word order’, in L. Hellan and K.K. Christensen (eds.), Topics in Scandinavian Syntax, Reidel, Dordrecht.Google Scholar
  21. Platzack, C.: 1990, ‘A grammar without functional categories: A syntactic study of early Swedish child language’, Nordic Journal of Linguistics 13, 107–126, also published in Working Papers in Scandinavian Syntax 45.Google Scholar
  22. Platzack, C. and A. Holmberg: 1989, ‘The role of AGR and finiteness in Germanic VO languages’, Working Papers in Scandinavian Syntax 43,51–76.Google Scholar
  23. Plunkett, K. and S. Strömqvist: 1990, ‘The acquisition of scandinavian languages’, Gothenburg Papers in Theoretical Linguistics 59.Google Scholar
  24. Pollock. J.-Y.: 1989, ‘Verb movement, Universal Grammar, and the structure of IP’, Linguistic Inquiry 20, 365–424.Google Scholar
  25. Radford, A.: 1986, ’small children’s small clauses’, Bangor Research Papers in Linguistics 1, 1–38.Google Scholar
  26. Radford, A.: 1990, Syntactic Theory and the Acquisition of English Syntax, Basil Blackwell, Oxford.Google Scholar
  27. Verrips, M. and J. Weissenborn: 1991, ‘On the relation between the acquisition of verbal inflection and verb movement’, ms., Max-Planck-Institut für Psycholinguistik, Nijmegen.Google Scholar
  28. Weissenborn, J. and M. Verrips: 1989, ‘Negation as a window to the structure of early child language’, ms., Max-Planck-Institut für Psycholinguistik, Nijmegen.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christer Platzack

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations