Case Marking, Canonical Sentence Patterns, and Counter Equi in Japanese (A Preliminary Survey)
This study is primarily concerned with the case marking mechanism of Japanese. I will introduce two devices that are not standard: (1) Counter Equi NP Deletion, i.e. a deletion rule that wipes out the copy of a noun phrase in the matrix clause under the control of the coreferential copy of the same noun phrase in the embedded clause; (2) Canonical Sentence Pattern Hierarchy, which operates cyclically and filters out some forms that are overgenerated due to the assumption that the ordinary Equi (hereafter Straight Equi) and Counter Equi NP Deletion apply freely as variant, once the condition for Equi is met. In addition, it will be claimed that the ‘nominative’ marker ga and the ‘accusative’ marker o are introduced by a transformation (Case Marking) cyclically.
KeywordsNoun Phrase Direct Object Embed Clause Matrix Clause Case Marking
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