Pivot-Independent Relativization in Japanese
It has generally been assumed that Japanese relativization consists of a simple process of deletion, in the relative clause, of a noun phrase coreferential with the noun phrase that the clause modifies. Thus, it has been believed that, as McCawley puts it, “a relative clause, whether restrictive or nonrestrictive, consists of a truncated sentence (specifically, a sentence which lacks the NP that is relativized over and any case markers that go with that NP”, and “the relative clause precedes the NP which it modifies”. 1 In a series of articles, I will present and discuss the claim that alongside this familiar type of relativization Japanese also possesses the type of relative clause which recently has increasingly drawn linguists’ attention and which is commonly referred to as ‘headless relative clause’.
KeywordsNoun Phrase Relative Clause Direct Object Embed Clause Matrix Clause
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