Bao Qi-Shou 保其壽 and His Polyhedral Hun Yuan Tu 渾圓圖

  • Ko-Wei Lih
Part of the Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science book series (BSPS, volume 141)


The construction of combinatorial mathematics commonly known as a ‘magic square’ is an arrangement of numbers 1, 2, 3, ... , n2 into a square array such that the sum of the numbers along any row, column, or main diagonal is a fixed constant.


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  1. Li Yan 李傲 1935, Zhong-Suan-Shi Lun-Cong 《中算史輪錢》 (Collected Essays on the History of Chinese Mathematics) ,Commercial Press, Shanghai, Vol. 3, pp. 59–110.Google Scholar
  2. Lam Lay Yong 藍腿蓉 1977. A Critical Study of the Yang Hui Suan Fa, A Thirteenth-century Chinese Mathematical Treatise ,Singapore University Press, pp. 321 -322.Google Scholar
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  4. Lih Ko-Wei 李國偉 1983, ‘On Magic and Consecutive Labelings of 0Plane Graphs’, Utilitas Mathematica 24, 165–197.Google Scholar

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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1993

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  • Ko-Wei Lih

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