The Doctrinal Context of jābir’s Kitāb Al-Ahjār: Substance, Qualities and the Science of Balance
By the time Islam emerged on the world scene, the two towering giants of Greek philosophy, Plato and Aristotle, had been blended into Neoplatonism. In fact the marriage of the two sets of ideas had already been consummated when Porphyry (d. 309 A.D.) made it a philosophical orthodoxy that Plato and Aristotle were in agreement.1 Islam found itself heir to an Aristotle soaked in Neoplatonism both of the pagan Athenian as well as of the Christian Alexandrian kind, and inherited both the debates as well as the commentatorial preoccupations of the two schools.2
KeywordsNatural World Elementary Quality Simple Element Arabic Text Prime Matter
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