Science Old and New: Cosmology

  • Beverley C. Southgate
Part of the International Archives of the History of Ideas / Archives Internationales D’Histoire Des Idés book series (ARCH, volume 134)


Leibniz identified Thomas White as one of those who had contrived “to reconcile Aristotle with modern philosophy”1 Having examined in Chapter 9 some of the characteristics associated with Aristotle, or with those forms of his philosophy which persisted under the more catholic umbrella of scholasticism, we may confirm Leibniz’ diagnosis. Torn as he was between conflicting claims and obligations, White attempted to accommodate numerous aspects of the new thought within that traditional framework with which he had been brought up and to which, as a last refuge against pervasive scepticism, he felt continuing commitment. The synthesis he achieved stands as a model of philosophical compromise, and as enduring evidence for the complexity of intellectual change. White’s thought eludes the facile categorisations of conventional historiography; and if that has been one reason for his three-hundred-year disappearance from the history books, it may no less serve to justify his resuscitation now.


Christian Theology Paradise Lost Cosmological Theorise Stellar Parallax Perpetual Motion Machine 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 2.
    John Wilkins, A Discourse concerning a New Planet (London, 1640), p. 18.Google Scholar
  2. 7.
    E. Grant, ‘In Defense of the Earth’s Centrality and Immobility: Scholastic Reaction to Copernicanism in the Seventeenth Century’, Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, vol. 74, part 4 (Philadelphia, 1984).Google Scholar
  3. 9.
    Mark Ridley, Magneticall Animadversions (1617)Google Scholar
  4. 9a.
    R.F. Jones, Ancients and Moderns (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1965), pp. 63–64.Google Scholar
  5. 10.
    Raphael Aversa, Philosophia metaphysicam physicamque complectens... (Rome 1625, 1627), p. 5.Google Scholar
  6. 11.
    M.H. Nicolson, Science and Imagination (Ithaca, New York, 1962).Google Scholar
  7. 12.
    Henry Power, Experimental Philosophy (London, 1664), p. 163; PI, p. 365.Google Scholar
  8. 13.
    A.C. Crombie, Augustine to Galileo (2 vols.; London 1959), II.223.Google Scholar
  9. 17.
    Riccioli, Almagestwn novum (Bologna, 1651), quoted by Grant, ‘Defense’, p. 58.Google Scholar
  10. 20.
    Copernicus, De Revolutionibus (1543), Preface and Book I, ed. J.F. Dobson and S. Brodetsky (Occasional Notes, Royal Astronomical Society, London, no. 10, 1947), p. 20.Google Scholar
  11. 29.
    Thomas Browne, Pseudodoxia Epidemica (London, 1646), p. 366; Jones ed., Hobbes, p. 170.Google Scholar
  12. 40.
    T.S. Kuhn, The Copernican Revolution (Cambridge, Mass., 1966)Google Scholar
  13. 42.
    E. Grant, Much Ado About Nothing: Theories of Space and Vacuum from the Middle Ages to the Scientific Revolution (Cambridge, 1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 48.
    John Wilkins, The Discovery of a New World, or a Discourse tending to prove that it is probable there may be another habitable world in the moon (1638)Google Scholar
  15. 48a.
    S.J. Dick, The Plurality of Worlds (Cambridge, 1982).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Beverley C. Southgate
    • 1
  1. 1.University of HertfordshireUK

Personalised recommendations