Advertisement

Newton and Eighteenth-Century Conceptions of Chemical Affinity

  • Cees de Pater
Chapter
Part of the Archives Internationales D’Histoire Des Idées / International Archives of the History of Ideas book series (ARCH, volume 136)

Abstract

One of the main theoretical problems facing chemists in the eighteenth century was the explanation of chemical combination. Three different approaches were available for dealing with the issue:
  • 1. an animistic explanation by means of the sympathy and antipathy of substances;

  • 2. a mechanistic explanation by means of moving particles of specific size and shape;

  • 3. a “Newtonian” explanation by means of attracting or both attracting and repelling forces between the particles of the combining substances.1

Keywords

Eighteenth Century Displacement Series Chemical Combination Chemical Affinity Chemical Phenomenon 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 1.
    Duncan 1970b, p. 28; Kapoor 1965, p. 53; Duncan 1962, pp. 182-184; Duncan 1968, pp. 148-149; Levere 1971, pp. 2-5.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Adler 1987, pp. 37-47; Partington 1964, vol. IV, p. 569; Levere 1971, p. 2; Duncan 1970b, p. 30.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Boas 1959, p. 505; Duncan 1970b, p. 30; Duncan 1962, p. 183.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Duncan 1968, pp. 148-152; Newton 1717, query 31, ed. 1952, p. 398.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Westfall 1980, pp. 281-309; Fauvel 1988, pp. 128-167.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Newton Principles I.xviii.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Newton 1717, query 31, ed. 1952, pp. 375-376; Levere 1971, pp. 4-8.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Newton 1717, query 31, ed. 1952, p. 394; Adler 1987, pp. 49-57.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Turnbull 1959, pp. 368-369; Turnbull 1960, pp. 288,292.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Hall/Hall 1962, pp. 335-338.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Hall/Hall 1962, p. 333.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Hall/Hall 1962, p. 307.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Newton 1717, query 31, ed. 1952, pp. 380-381; Levere 1971, pp. 4-8.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Thackray 1970, p. 1.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Duncan 1970b, pp. 28, 33.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Geoffroy 1718, pp. 202ff.; Geoffroy 1952, pp. 67ff.; Duncan 1962, pp. 177ff., plate vi; Duncan 1970b, pp. xix-xxiii; Metzger 1923, pp. 418-420; Adler 1987, pp. 57-59.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Geoffroy 1952, p. 68; Duncan 1970b, pp. 33-34.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Cohen 1964b, p. 80.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Cohen 1964b, p. 100.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Cohen 1964b, p. 102.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Thackray 1970, p. 37.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Thackray 1970, p. 90.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Cohen 1964b, p. 82; Guerlac 1981, pp. 76-77, 100-105.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Smeaton 1971, pp. 212-214; Adler 1987, p. 59.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Geoffroy 1718, p. 203; Geoffroy 1952, p. 68; Duncan 1970b, pp. 33-34; Levere 1971, p. 16.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Duncan 1962, pp. 190-194; Macquer 1753, pp. 19-20.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Macquer 1766, 1778, art. Affinité; cf. Macquer 1771, art. Affinity; Adler 1987, pp. 59-62; Thackray 1970, pp. 205-210; Levere 1970, p. 18.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Buffon 1765, vol. xiii, pp. xii-xiv; Buffon 1785, vol. vii, pp. 100-102; Piveteau 1954, p. 39; Metzger 1930, pp. 58ff.; Thackray 1970, pp. 159-160.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Duncan 1962, pp. 178-179.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Bergman 1775, in ed. 1786, pp. 292-293; cf. Bergman 1785, pp. 1-2.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Bergman 1775, in ed. 1786, pp. 291-292; cf. Bergman 1785, pp. 2-4.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Adler 1987, pp. 63-66; Duncan 1962, pp. 227-231; Duncan 1970a, pp. xxv-xxix; Holmes 1962, pp. 105-108; Schufle 1985, pp. 165-183; Thackray 1970, pp. 218-221.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Duncan 1962, pp. 179, 221, 227.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Duncan 1962, pp. 231-232.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Duncan 1962, pp. 186-187; Bergman 1775, in ed. 1786, p. 295; cf. Bergman 1785, p. 8.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Berthollet 1809, pp. 4-5, 85-86, 94-95; Duncan 1962, p. 232.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cees de Pater

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations