Newton and Hegel: Can Science Explain the Scientist?
The most important philosophical problem facing human knowledge in the coming century will be this: can science explain the scientist? It is a commonplace that such natural sciences as physics, chemistry and biology have developed an extraordinary explanatory power over the course of the last four hundred years. It is also a commonplace that this revolution in understanding would have been impossible without the work of Newton. At the end of the twentieth century, however, there are still two of the basic aims of science which seem to be thwarted — that of explaining everything and that of being unified. The realization of these aims would involve the human sciences of psychology, sociology and history being integrated with the natural sciences. I call the first of these the positivistic aim of science, the second its holistic aim.
KeywordsGeneral Proposition Physical Universe Grammatical Form Conscious Subject Rational Intelligibility
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