Immunology and immunochemistry

  • Miroslav Ferenčík


The subject of immunology belongs to the biological and medical sciences. The relationship between immunology and other areas of science is schematically depicted in Fig. 3.1. This scheme shows that contemporary immunology is a true interdisciplinary science. Modern immunology studies cellular and molecular reactions of the human and animal organism, which occur after foreign antigens have been recognized by the immune system. A complex of these reactions represents an immune response which can, as for as the
Fig. 3.1

Relationship of immunology to other scientific disciplines.

organism is concerned, be useful, indifferent, or harmful. The specific defence (immunity) against infectious diseases is an example of an advantageous immune response, whereas the harmful type of immune response is represented, for example, by various allergic reactions (hypersensitivity). The immune response can be induced not only by foreign antigens, but also by self, antigenically altered cells and molecules that are subsequently recognized as foreign. Even in this latter case the reaction may by useful (immunity against tumours) or harmful (autoimmune diseases).


Cellular Immunity Antigen Receptor Foreign Antigen Antigen Determinant Immunocompetent Cell 
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  1. Nouza, K. (1981) The hidden power of immunity. Prague, Mladá fronta, 272 pp. (in Czech).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Miroslav Ferenčík
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Immunology, Faculty of MedicineComenius UniversityBratislavaCzechoslovakia

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