Temperature and Gravitational Potential

  • Peter G. Bergmann
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (ASIC, volume 427)


It is argued that thermal equilibrium of spatially extended systems is characterized by the presence of a “global” temperature, but that there also exists a “local” temperature, which is sensitive to the value of the gravitational potential. It is further asserted that thermometers read out the local temperature.


Thermodynamic Equilibrium Gravitational Potential Thermodynamic Potential Integral Spin Killing Field 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter G. Bergmann
    • 1
  1. 1.Syracuse University and New York UniversityUSA

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