Highlights of Rosat

  • J. TrÜmper
Part of the Astrophysics and Space Science Library book series (ASSL, volume 187)


During the last 30 years X-ray astronomy has become one of the cornerstones of observational astrophysics. In X-rays we see the “Hot Universe”, viz objects at temperatures of millions to billions degrees; we also see large concentration of relativistic electrons interacting with dense photon fields or magnetic fields. Often the emission of X-rays is connected with explosive events. The brightest objects in the X-ray sky are matter accreting neutron stars and black holes. X-ray astronomy has evolved in steps. Major milestones were
  • 1962 The rocket experiment discovering the brightest steady X-ray source in the sky (Giacconi et al., 1962)).

  • 1971 The Uhuru satellite, the first X-ray astronomy satellite which performed the first all sky survey in X-rays (340 sources; (Giacconi et al., 1971)).

  • 1978 The Einstein observatory, the first satellite-born X-ray telescope which led to a gain in sensitivity and angular resolution by orders of magnitude (Giacconi et al., 1979).


Supernova Remnant Small Magellanic Cloud Radio Halo Neutron Star Surface Accrete Neutron Star 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. TrÜmper
    • 1
  1. 1.Max-Planck-Institut für Extraterrestrische PhysikGarchingGermany

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