Gravitational Lensing as a Tool: Future Observational Prospects

  • Jean Surdej
  • Sjur Refsdal
Part of the Astrophysics and Space Science Library book series (ASSL, volume 187)


Since the discovery in 1979 of the first gravitational lens system by Walsh, Carswell and Weymann, i.e. just a little more than one decade ago, more than 1000 scientific papers have been printed on this subject. In this review, we first recall the basic principles underlying the physics of gravitational lensing and provide the reader with a concise survey of the most important astrophysical and cosmological problems associated with gravitational lensing, particularly with a view to the observational capabilities of the present and next generations of space and ground based instrumentation. We refer the reader to the book of Schneider, Ehlers and Falco (1992) and to general reviews by (1992), (1992), (1993) and (1993) for a more complete and detailed presentation of various theoretical and observational aspects of gravitational lensing.

Key words

Gravitational lensing Cosmology Ground-based observations Space observations 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jean Surdej
    • 1
    • 2
  • Sjur Refsdal
    • 3
  1. 1.Institut d’AstrophysiqueLiègeBelgium
  2. 2.Maître de Recherches au Fonds National de la Recherche ScientifiqueBelgium
  3. 3.Hamburger SternwarteHamburgGermany

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