A Review of Pulsar Astronomy

  • A. G. Lyne
Part of the Astrophysics and Space Science Library book series (ASSL, volume 187)


A quarter of a century after their discovery, radio pulsars occupy one of astronomy’s most exciting fields, mainly because of the large number of astrophysical areas upon which they impact and because of the several energy bands in which they or their companions are now observable. This paper provides a review of some of the recent advances in pulsar research. While it is generally accepted that pulsars are rapidly rotating, magnetised neutron stars which can generate high-energy particles, in general there has been little progress in the understanding of the physics of the pulsar radiation process during the past decade or so. The main advances have resulted from the explosion in the number of discoveries of millisecond and young pulsars, as the explored ranges of parameter space have expanded. We have also learned where they are to be found. These discoveries have spawned many areas of active study, such as binary stellar evolution, gravitation, globular cluster dynamics, eclipse mechanisms, supernovae, and neutron star birthplaces.

Key words

pulsars neutron stars 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Anderson, S. J. 1992, PhD thesis, CaltechGoogle Scholar
  2. Backer, D. C., Kulkarni, S. R., Heiles, C., Davis, M. M., & Goss, W. M. 1982, Nature, 300, 615ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bailes, M., Harrison, P. A., Lorimer, D. R., Johnston, S., Lyne, A. G., Manchester, R. N., D’Amico, N., Nicastro, L. & Robinson, C. 1993, ApJ,. submittedGoogle Scholar
  4. Bignami, G. F. & Caraveo, P. A. 1992, Nature, 357, 287ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Boriakoff, V., Buccheri, R., & Fauci, F. 1992, in The Magnetospheric Structure and Emission Mechanisms of Radio Pulsars, ed. T. H. Hankins, J. M. Rankin, & J. A. Gil, The Astronomical Centre of Zielona Góra, Zielona Góra, Poland., 201Google Scholar
  6. Clifton, T. R., Lyne, A. G., Jones, A. W., McKenna, J., & Ashworth, M. 1992, MNRAS 254, 177ADSGoogle Scholar
  7. Damour, T., & Taylor, J. H. 1991, ApJ, 366, 501ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Frail, D. A., & Kulkarni, S. R. 1991, Nature, 352, 785ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Fruchter, A. S., Stinebring, D. R., & Taylor, J. H. 1988, Nature, 333, 237ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Halpern, J. P., & Holt, S. S. 1992, Nature, 357, 222ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hamilton, T. T., Helfand, D. J., & Becker, R. H. 1985, AJ, 90, 606ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Harrison, P. A., Lyne, A. G., & Anderson, B. 1993, MNRAS, 261, 113ADSGoogle Scholar
  13. Johnston, S., & Bailes, M. 1991, MNRAS, 252, 277ADSGoogle Scholar
  14. Johnston, S., Lyne, A. G., Manchester, R. N., Kniffen, D. A., D’Amico, N., Lim, J., & Ashworth, M. 1992a, MNRAS, 255, 401ADSGoogle Scholar
  15. Johnston, S., Manchester, R. N., Lyne, A. G., Bailes, M., Kaspi, V. M., Qiao, G., & D’Amico, N. 1992b, ApJ, 387, L37ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Johnston, S., Lorimer, D. R., Harrison, P. A., Bailes, M., Lyne, A. G., Bell, J. F., Kaspi, V. M., Manchester, R. N., D’Amico, N., Nicastro, L., & Jin, S. 1993a, Nature, 361, 613ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Johnston, S., Manchester, R. N., Lyne, A. G., Nicastro, N., & Spyromilio, J. 1993b, ApJ, submittedGoogle Scholar
  18. Kaspi, V. M., Manchester, R. N., Johnston, S., Lyne, A. G., & D’Amico, N. 1992, ApJ, 399, L155ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Kassim, N. E., & Weiler, K. W. 1990, Nature, 343, 146ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Kulkarni, S. R., Clifton, T. R., Backer, D. C., Foster, R. S., Fruchter, A. S., & Taylor, J. H. 1988, Nature, 331, 50ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Large, M. I., Vaughan, A. E., & Mills, B. Y. 1968, Nature, 220, 340ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Lyne, A. G., Brinklow, A., Middleditch, J., Kulkarni, S. R., Backer, D. C., & Clifton, T. R. 1987, Nature, 328, 399ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Lyne, A. G., Manchester, R. N., D’Amico, N., Staveley-Smith, L., Johnston, S., Lim, J., Fruchter, A. S., Goss, W. M., & Frail, D. 1990, Nature, 347, 650ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Lyne, A. G., Biggs, J. D., Harrison, P. A., & Bailes, M. 1993, Nature, submittedGoogle Scholar
  25. Lyne, A. G., Graham-Smith, F., & Pritchard, R. S. 1992, Nature, 359, 706ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Manchester, R. N., Kaspi, V. M., Johnston, S., Lyne, A. G., & D’Amico, N. 1991a, MNRAS, 253, 7PADSGoogle Scholar
  27. Manchester, R. N., Lyne, A. G., Robinson, C., D’Amico, N. D., Bailes, M., & Lim, J. 1991b, Nature, 352, 219ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Manchester, R. N., Mar, D., Lyne, A. G., Kaspi, V. M., & Johnston, S. 1993, ApJ, 403, L29ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. McAdam, W. B., Osborne, J. L., & Parkinson, M. L. 1993, Nature,. SubmittedGoogle Scholar
  30. McKenna, J., & Lyne, A. G. 1990, Nature, 343, 349ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Nice, D. J., Taylor, J. H., & Fruchter, A. S. 1992, ApJ, 402, L49ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Phinney, E. S. 1992, Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. A, 341, 39ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Rasio, F. A., Nicholson, P. D., Shapiro, S. L., & Teukolsy, S. A. 1992, Nature, 355, 325ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Ryba, M. F., & Taylor, J. H. 1991, ApJ, 371, 739ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Seward, F. D., & Harnden, F. R. 1982, ApJ, 256, L45ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Seward, R. D., Harnden, R. R., & Helfand, D. J. 1984, ApJ, 287, L19ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Staelin, D. H., & Reifenstein, III, E. C. 1968, Science, 162, 1481Google Scholar
  38. Taylor, J. H. 1992, Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. A, 341, 117ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Thompson, D. J., Arzoumanian, Z., Bertsch, D. L., Brazier, K. T. S., D’Amico, N., Fichtel, C. E., Fierro, J. M., Hartman, R. C., Hunter, S. D., Johnston, S., Kanbach, G., Kaspi, V. M., Kniffen, D. A., Lin, Y. C., Lyne, A. G., Manchester, R. N., Mattox, J. R., Mayer-Hasselwander, H. A., Michelson, P. F., Montigny, C. v., Nel, H. I., Nice, D., Nolan, R L., Pinkau, K., Rothermel, H., Schneid, E. J., Sommer, M., Sreekumar, P., & Taylor, J. H. 1992, Nature, 359, 615ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Wilson, R. B., Finger, M. H., Pendleton, G. N., Fishman, G. J., Meegan, C. A., & Paciesas, W. S. 1992, in Isolated Pulsars, eds. K. A. van Riper, R. E., & Ho, C. (Cambridge University Press)Google Scholar
  41. Wolszczan, A., & Frail, D. A. 1992, Nature, 355, 145ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Wolszczan, A., Cordes, J. M., & Dewey, R. J. 1991, ApJ, 372, L99ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. G. Lyne
    • 1
  1. 1.Jodrell Bank, MacclesfieldUniversity of ManchesterCheshireUK

Personalised recommendations