Skip to main content

Evidence for sex-related differences in phototactic behaviour of Streptocephalus proboscideus (Crustacea: Anostraca)

  • Chapter
  • 152 Accesses

Part of the Developments in Hydrobiology book series (DIHY,volume 103)

Abstract

The phototactic behaviour of adults of the Sudanese fairy shrimp Streptocephalus proboscideus was studied under laboratory conditions. Males were less negatively phototactic than females. This was also evident when colour filters were used. Females only became little less negatively phototactic under yellow light, whereas males showed a strong positively phototactic response. The response to the positioning of a yellow filter was stronger than to the use of a red or blue filter for both sexes. The laboratory findings were compared with casual field observations on Streptocephalus torvicornis that indicate differential vertical distribution between the sexes and a nocturnal vertical migration. Migratory behaviour with ascent starting at dusk is also predicted for S. proboscideus. This behaviour may reduce common stress factors in desert pools such as photodamage, visual predation pressure, and high surface temperatures.

Key words

  • phototaxis
  • vertical migration
  • temporary pools
  • Anostraca
  • Streptocephalus

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-94-011-0291-9_7
  • Chapter length: 5 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   59.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-94-011-0291-9
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD   79.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  • Aiken, R. B. & J. P. Hailman, 1978. Positive phototaxis in the brine shrimp Artemia salina to monochromatic light. Can. J. Zool. 56: 708–711.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Bernice, R., 1972. Ecological studies on Streptocephalus dichotomus Baird (Crustacea: Anostraca). Hydrobiologia 39: 217–240.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Bradley, D. J. & R. B. Forward, Jr., 1984. Phototaxis of adult brine shrimp, Artemia salina. Can. J. Zool. 62: 2357–2359.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Bratton, J. H. & G. Fryer, 1990. The distribution and ecology of Chirocephalus diaphanus Prévost (Branchiopoda: Anostraca) in Britain. J. nat. Hist., Lond. 24: 955–964.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Conte, F. P. & P. A. Conte, 1988. Abundance and spatial distribution of Artemia salina in Lake Abert, Oregon. Hydrobiologia 158: 167–172.

    CrossRef  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Conte, F. P., R. S. Jellison & G. L. Starret, 1988. Nearshore and pelagic abundances of Artemia monica in Mono Lake, California. Hydrobiologia 158: 173–181.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Daborn, G. R., 1975. The argillotrophic lake system. Verh. int. Ver. Limnol. 19: 580–588.

    Google Scholar 

  • De Meester, L., 1992. The phototactic behaviour of male and female Daphnia magna. Anim. Behav. 43: 696–698.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • De Meester, L. & H. J. Dumont, 1988. The genetics of phototaxis in Daphnia magna: Existence of three phenotypes for vertical migration among parthenogenetic females. Hydrobiologia 162: 47–55.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Forward, R. B., Jr., 1988. Diel vertical migration: Zooplankton photobiology and behaviour. Oceanogr. mar. Biol. annu. Rev. 26: 361–393.

    Google Scholar 

  • Forward, R. B., Jr., 1993. Photoresponses during diel vertical migration of brine shrimp larvae: Effect of predator exposure. Arch. Hydrobiol./Beih. Ergebn. Limnol. 39: 37–44.

    Google Scholar 

  • Forward, R. B., Jr. & W. F. Hettler, Jr., 1992. Effects of feeding and predator exposure on photoresponses during diel vertical migration of brine shrimp larvae. Limnol. Oceanogr. 37: 1261–1270.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Hailman, J. P. & R. G. Jaeger, 1975. A model of phototaxis and its evaluation with anuran amphibians. Behaviour 56: 215–249.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Hairston, N. G., Jr., 1980. The vertical distribution of diaptomid copepods in relation to body pigmentation. In W. C. Kerfoot (ed.), Evolution and Ecology of Zooplankton Communities. University Press of New England, Hanover (N.H.); Lond.: 98–110.

    Google Scholar 

  • Haney, J. F., 1993. Environmental control of diel vertical migration behaviour. Arch. Hydrobiol./Beih. Ergebn. Limnol. 39: 1–17.

    Google Scholar 

  • Holmes, S. J., 1910. Description of a new species of Eubranchipus from Wisconsin, with observations on its reaction to light. Trans. Wis. Acad. Sci. Arts Lett. 16: 1252–1254.

    Google Scholar 

  • Howland, R. B., 1911. Migration of retinal pigment in the eyes of Branchipus gelidus. J. exp. Zool. 11: 143–158.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Hutchinson, G. E., 1967. A treatise on limnology, 2. J. Wiley & Sons, N.Y., 1115 pp.

    Google Scholar 

  • Lampert, W., 1993. Ultimate causes of diel vertical migration of zooplankton: New evidence for the predator-avoidance hypothesis. Arch. Hydrobiol./Beih. Ergebn. Limnol. 39: 79–88.

    Google Scholar 

  • Lefcort, H., L. Zhang & C. E. King, 1991. Distributions of diploid and pentaploid brine shrimp Artemia parthenogenetica in an illuminated thermal gradient. Can. J. Zool. 69: 2461–2465.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Lenz, P. H., 1980. Ecology of an alkali adapted variety of Artemia from Mono Lake, California, USA. In G. Persoone, P. Sorgeloos, O. Roels & E. Jaspers (eds), The brine shrimp Artemia, 3. Universa Press, Wetteren: 79–96.

    Google Scholar 

  • Mason, D. T., 1966. Density current plumes. Science (Washington D.C.) 152: 354–356.

    CrossRef  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Mathias, P., 1937. Biologie des Crustacés Phyllopodes. In Hermann and Cie (eds), Actual. scient. ind. Bibliothèque de la Société philomathique de Paris 447: 1–107.

    Google Scholar 

  • McGinnis, M. O., 1911. Reactions of Branchipus serratus to light, heat and gravity. J. exp. Zool. 10: 227–240.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Müller, R., 1918. Zur Biologie von Tanymastix lacunae Guerin. Biologisches Zentrallblat 38: 257–268.

    Google Scholar 

  • Pearse, S. A., 1912. Observations on the behavior of Eubranchipus dadayi. Bull. Wis. nat. Hist. Soc. 10: 109–117.

    Google Scholar 

  • Pennak, W., 1978. Freshwater invertebrates of the United States. J. Wiley & Sons, New York, 803 pp.

    Google Scholar 

  • Persoone, G. & P. Sorgeloos, 1980. General aspects of the ecology and biogeography of Artemia. In G. Persoone, P. Sorgeloos, O. Roels & E. Jaspers, The brine shrimp Artemia, 3. Universa Press, Wetteren: 3–24.

    Google Scholar 

  • Ringelberg, J., 1987. Light induced behaviour in Daphnia. In R. H. Peters & R. de Bernardi (eds), ‘Daphnia’. Mem. Ist. ital. Idrobiol. 45: 285–323.

    Google Scholar 

  • Ringelberg, J., 1993. Phototaxis as a behavioural component of diel vertical migration in a pelagic Daphnia. Arch. Hydrobiol./Beih. Ergebn. Limnol. 39: 45–55.

    Google Scholar 

  • Siebeck, H. O., 1980. Optical orientation of pelagic crustaceans and its consequence in the pelagic and littoral zone. In W. C. Kerfoot (ed.), Evolution and Ecology of Zooplankton Communities. University Press of New England, Hanover (N.H.); Lond.: 28–38.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sokal, R. R. & F. J. Rohlf, 1981. Biometry. The principles and practice of statistics in biological research. Second edition. W. H. Freeman & Co., San Francisco, 859 pp.

    Google Scholar 

  • Weir, J. S., 1969. Studies on Central African Pans. 3. Fauna and physico-chemical environment of some ephemeral pools. Hydrobiologia 33: 93–116.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Williams, W. D., 1985. Biotic adaptations in temporary lentic waters, with special reference to those in semi-arid and arid regions. Hydrobiologia 125: 85–110.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Wiman, F. H., 1981. Mating behavior in the Streptocephalus fairy shrimps (Crustacea: Anostraca). Southwest. Nat. 25: 541–546.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 1995 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht

About this chapter

Cite this chapter

Luc, B., De Meester, L., Dumont, H.J. (1995). Evidence for sex-related differences in phototactic behaviour of Streptocephalus proboscideus (Crustacea: Anostraca). In: Belk, D., Dumont, H.J., Maier, G. (eds) Studies on Large Branchiopod Biology and Aquaculture II. Developments in Hydrobiology, vol 103. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-0291-9_7

Download citation

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-0291-9_7

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Dordrecht

  • Print ISBN: 978-94-010-4128-7

  • Online ISBN: 978-94-011-0291-9

  • eBook Packages: Springer Book Archive