Patterns of Science Achievement: International Comparisons
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This chapter examines the patterns of gender differences in science achievement, attitudes and participation across several countries and over time. It argues that the patterns observed are the effects of societal forces and educational practices in schools that engender differences between boys and girls in attitudes, aspirations, expectations and levels of achievement. It demonstrates that the size of the observed differences between the sexes can be reduced and further that gradual changes are taking place, to varying degrees, in different countries. The issues are no longer whether greater equality between the sexes can be achieved, but where and how balance should be maintained in terms of principles of equity and social justice.
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