Empirical Knowledge and Social Values in the Cumulative Development of Sociology
First, it can mean that the given science cannot develop or even cannot exist in a certain set of social conditions, because these conditions do not, in the most simple and external sense, permit it to do so. The means used can range from the pressure of public opinion not to develop it, through denial of the economic means necessary to the science, to simple bureaucratic decision blocking the development of the science as a whole or in certain essential sub-areas.
Second, it can mean that the science, developing more or less ‘correctly’ from the point of view of certain internal standards, does not fulfill some of its external social functions in the way it should according to certain normative standards of its social functions. In such case we may be inclined to blame the situation on either the society for not using the science in the ‘proper’ way, or the scientists themselves for developing their discipline in such a way that it is of little social relevance.
KeywordsSocial Theory Social Reality Social Goal Empirical Knowledge Empirical Validity
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Bandyopadhyay, P., ‘One Sociology or Many’, Science and Society XXXV, 11, 1971.Google Scholar
- Delgado, J.R.M., Physical Control of the Mind: Toward a Psychocivilized Society, Harper and Row, New York, 1969.Google Scholar
- Ferrarotti, F., Introductory paper to the Round Table, ‘Is there a Crisis in Sociology’, presented at the VIIIth World Congress of Sociology, Toronto, 1974. (Mimeographed).Google Scholar
- Gedymin, J., Problemy zafozenia, rozstrzygniecia (Problems, Assumptions, Solutions), Poznan, 1964.Google Scholar
- Gouldner, A.W., The Coming Crisis of Western Sociology, New York, 1970.Google Scholar
- Miguel, A. de, ‘Undertaking Sociology in Authoritarian Countries: The Case of Spain. A Pessimistic Reflection’. Paper presented at the VIII World Congress of Sociology. (Mimeographed).Google Scholar
- Nowak, S., ‘Concepts and Indicators in Humanistic Sociology’, in this volume, p.Google Scholar
- Nowak, S., ‘The Logic of Reductive Systematizations of Social and Behavioral Theories’.Google Scholar
- Nowak, S., The methodology of Sociological Investigations (English Edition, in print).Google Scholar