Advertisement

Logical and Empirical Assumptions of Validity of Inductions

  • Stefan Nowak
Part of the Synthese Library book series (SYLI, volume 94)

Abstract

The problem of the justifiability of induction has a rather long tradition in philosophy of science. On one side of the dispute we meet many advocates and codifiers of inductive thinking, and — not least — the practice of several centuries of scientific investigations based in their essential aspects upon the application of induction. On the other side, beginning with Hume, are many of its critics. Some of them — like Reichenbach — have demonstrated the lack of sufficient justifiability of inductive method, but have nevertheless sanctioned its use for pragmatic reasons as the best thing we have for trying to discover the general regularities of the world around us. Others have rejected induction in general, arguing — like Popper — for an approach whereby we should rather try to falsify the hypotheses than to confirm them inductively.

Keywords

Inductive Reasoning Inductive Method Disturbing Factor Inductive Generalization Finite Series 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Bibliography

  1. Black, M., ‘The Justification of Induction’, in: Language and Philosophy, Ithaca, 1949.Google Scholar
  2. Black, M., ‘“Pragmatic” Justification of Induction’, in: Problems of Analysis, Ithaca, 1954.Google Scholar
  3. Burks, A.W., ‘On the Presupposition Theory of Induction’, Review of Metaphysics 8, 1954.Google Scholar
  4. Burks, A.W., ‘The Presupposition Theory of Induction’, Philosophy of Science 20, 1953.Google Scholar
  5. Keynes, J.M., A Treatise on Probability, London, 1963.Google Scholar
  6. Mises, von R., Probability, Statistics and Truth, London, 1957.Google Scholar
  7. Nowak, S., ‘Comparative Social Research and Methodological Problems of Sociological Induction’, in this volume, p. 133.Google Scholar
  8. Nowak, S., ‘Conditional Causal Relations and their Approximations in the Social Sciences’, in: P. Suppes et al. (eds), Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science, IV, North-Holland Publ. Co., 1973.Google Scholar
  9. Reichenbach, H., The Theory of Probability, Berkeley, 1948.Google Scholar
  10. Wright, von G.H., A Treatise on Induction and Probability, New York, 1951.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht, Holland 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stefan Nowak

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations