Observation of Stellar X-Ray Sources

  • B. Rossi
Conference paper
Part of the Astrophysics and Space Science Library book series (ASSL, volume 9)


The limitations of X-ray astronomy due to absorption and production of secondary photons in the atmosphere are discussed. All measurements have to be conducted from rockets, satellites, or balloons. The experiments which have been carried out so far are mentioned. In the second section the detectors employed (gas counters, scintillation crystals and photoelectric devices) are described as well as ancillary instrumentation. The analysis of data obtained from rocket flights is extensively discussed. In the last section the results of the observations performed until now are presented and compared in detail. The present knowledge on extra-terrestrial non-solar X-ray sources is critically reviewed.


Galactic Centre Crab Nebula Celestial Object Lunar Occultation Pulse Height Distribution 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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  1. [1]
    GIACCONI, R., GURSKY, H., PAOLINI, F. R., and Rossi, B. B.: 1962, ‘Evidence for X-rays from Sources Outside the Solar System’, Phys. Rev. Letters 9, 439.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    GURSKY, H., GIACCONI, R., PAOLINI, F. R., and Rossi, B. B.: 1963, ‘Further Evidence for the Existence of Galactic X-rays’, Phys. Rev. Letters 11, 530.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. [3]
    Friedman, H., Bowyer, S., Byram, E. T., and Chubb, T. A.: 1964, ‘X-ray Sources in the Galaxy’, Nature 201, 1307.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    GIACCONI, R. and GURSKY, H.: 1965, ‘Observation of X-ray Sources Outside the Solar System’, Space Sci. Rev. 4, 151.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Friedman, H.: 1964, ‘X-ray Astronomy’, Scientific American June 1964, p. 36.Google Scholar

Further Recommended Literature

  1. Bowyer, S., Byram, E. T., Chubb, T. A., and Friedman, H.: 1964, ‘The Lunar Occultation of X-ray Emission from the Crab Nebula’, Science 146, 912.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. BOWYER, S., BYRAM, E. T., CHUBB, T. A., and FRIEDMAN, H.: 1965, ‘Cosmic X-ray Sources’, Science 147, 394.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. CLARK, G.: 1965, ‘Balloon Observation of the X-ray Spectrum of the Crab Nebula above 15 keV’, Phys. Rev. Letters 14, 91.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. FISHER, P. C., JOHNSON, H. M., JORDAN, W. C., MEYEROTT, A. J., and WATERS, J. R.: ‘Positions of Three X-ray Sources in Scorpio and Sagittarius’ (preprint).Google Scholar
  5. GIACCONI, R., GURSKY, H., WATERS, J. R., CLARK, G., and Rossi, B. B.: 1964, ‘Observation of Two Sources of Cosmic X-rays in Scorpio and Sagittarius’, Nature 204, 981.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Oda, M., Clark, G., Garmire, G., Wada, M., Giacconi, R., Gursky, H., and Waters, J. R.: 1965, ‘The Angular Sizes of the X-Ray Sources in Scorpio and Sagittarius’, Nature 205, 554.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Rossi, B. B.: 1964, ‘X-ray and Gamma-ray Astronomy’, Proc. 5th Intl. Space Sci. Symp. (COSPAR), Florence, May 1964.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht, Holland 1967

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Rossi
    • 1
  1. 1.Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridgeUSA

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