Summary of Experimental Results from M.I.T. Detector on IMP-1

  • Stanislaw Olbert
Conference paper
Part of the Astrophysics and Space Science Library book series (ASSL, volume 10)


This paper is an extended version of the summary of experimental results reported by Dr. Pai and myself at the AGU meeting of April 1967, in Washington, D.C. The results pertain primarily to the M.I.T. data from IMP-1, launched in November 1963.( Figure 1, taken from Ness (1966), shows the first 30 orbits of IMP-1 projected into the ecliptic plane. Apogee is at about 30 earth radii, and the major axis of the first orbit points roughly toward the sun. The orbital period is about four days so that during each revolution the major axis of the orbit rotates by about 4° toward the dawn side of the earth. In a time span of about four months, the satellite explores a vast region that covers the noon, morning, dawn, and predawn portion of the magneto-sphere in the neighborhood of the ecliptic plane. Furthermore, and this is essential to the discussion, the large apogee makes it possible for the satellite not only to cross the sunward portion of the magnetosphere and the magnetosheath, but also to enter fairly deeply into the interplanetary domain where the presence of Earth’s magnetic field is not felt.


Solar Wind Interplanetary Magnetic Field Ecliptic Plane Earth Radius Collector Plate 
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  1. Ness, N. F.: 1966, ‘Earth’s Magnetic Field: A New Look’, Science 151, 1041–1052.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Snyder, C. W., Neugebauer, M., and Rao, V. R.: 1963, ‘The Solar Wind Velocity and its Correlation with Cosmic-Ray Variations and with Solar and Geomagnetic Activity’, J. Geophys. Res. 68, 6361–6370.ADSGoogle Scholar
  3. Wilcox, J. M. and Ness, N. F.: 1965, ‘Quasi-stationary Corotating Structure in the Interplanetary Medium’, J. Geophys. Res. 70, 5793–5805.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht, Holland 1968

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stanislaw Olbert
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. of PhysicsMassachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridgeUSA

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