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Satellite Studies of the Earth’s Magnetic Tail

  • Kenneth W. Behannon
  • Norman F. Ness
Conference paper
Part of the Astrophysics and Space Science Library book series (ASSL, volume 10)

Abstract

One consequence of the interaction between the solar wind and the geomagnetic field is a deformation of the magnetosphere such as to produce a magnetospheric tail that extends away from the sun. The existence of the Earth’s magnetic tail was anticipated theoretically by Piddington (1960) and by Dungey (1961, 1963). Early measurements by Explorer 10 (Heppner et al., 1963) and Explorer 14 (Cahill, 1964) revealed the distortion of the geomagnetic field on the nighttime side of the earth. Measurements performed more recently by a number of high apogee satellites and deep space probes have verified that the magnetic tail is a permanent extension of the geomagnetosphere. Figure 1 summarizes the trajectories of some of these spacecraft which have investigated the antisolar region of the magnetosphere since 1963.

Keywords

Solar Wind Magnetic Storm Plasma Sheet Field Magnitude Sudden Commencement 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht, Holland 1968

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kenneth W. Behannon
    • 1
  • Norman F. Ness
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory for Space SciencesNASA-Goddard Space Flight CenterGreenbeltUSA

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