Advertisement

Non-Aphasic Disorders of Speech

  • Norman Geschwind
Chapter
Part of the Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science book series (BSPS, volume 16)

Abstract

Edwin Weinstein (now at the Mount Sinai Medical School) was the first person to draw my attention to a whole array of remarkable phenomena which can readily be mistaken for primary disorders of memory or language. I should hasten to add that this should not suggest to the reader that Weinstein shares my interpretation of many of these phenomena, since there are many points on which he and I will continue to carry on a friendly argument for many years. Both this paper and the one later in the volume ‘The varieties of naming errors’ as well as my thinking on denial syndromes all reflect, however, my debt to Weinstein’s highly original observations. These were, and perhaps still are, neglected by neurologists who thought that Weinstein was advancing a purely psychiatric explanation of the syndromes of denial and their accompanying errors in naming and distortions of memory. This belief was a naive misinterpretation of Weinstein’s more refined argument, i.e., that a special type of motivated denial behavior is seen in patients with certain neurological disorders.

Keywords

Spontaneous Speech Speech Region Fluent Aphasia Akinetic Mutism Speech Area 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Bibliography

  1. Alajouanine, T., Cistaigne, P., Sabouraud. O., and Contamin, F., ‘Palilalie paroxystique et vocalisations itératives au cours de crises épileptiques par lésion intéressant l’aire motrice supplémentaire’, Rev. Neurol. 101 (1959) 685–697.Google Scholar
  2. Bastian, H. C, A Treat 1st on Aphasia and other Speech Defects, (ed. by H. K. Lewis ), London 1898.Google Scholar
  3. Critchicy, M., ‘The Neurology of Psychotic Speech’, Brit. J. Psychiat. 110 (1964) 353–364.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Foerster, O., ‘Motorische Felder und Batmen’, in Handbuch der Neurologie (ed. by O. Bumke and O. Foerster), Vol. 6, 1936, 1–357.Google Scholar
  5. Gloning, I., Gloning, K., and Hoff, H., ‘Aphasia -A Clinical Syndrome’, in Problems of Dynamic Neurology (ed. by Halpern ), Grune and Stratton, New York, 1963.Google Scholar
  6. Goldstein, K., Die transkortikalen Aphasien. Gustav Fischer, Jena, 1917.Google Scholar
  7. Head, H, Aphasia and Kindred Disorders of Speech, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1917.Google Scholar
  8. Howes, D. H., ‘Application of the Word-Frequency Concept to Aphasia’, in Disorders of Language, (ed. by de Reuck and O’Connor ). Little, Brown, Boston, 1946.Google Scholar
  9. Kelsey, M. T., Tongue Speaking, Doubleday and Company, New York, 1964.Google Scholar
  10. Penfiem, W. and Roberts, L., Speech and Brain-Mechanisms, Princeton University Press, Princeton. 1959.Google Scholar
  11. Schwab, O., ‘Über vorübergehende aphasische Störungen nach Rindenexzision aus dem linken Stirnhim bei Epileptikern’, Deutsche Z. f. Nervenheilkunde 94 (1927) 177– 184.Google Scholar
  12. Scrafetinides. E. A. and Falconer, M. A., ‘Speech Disturbances in Temporal Lobe Seizures’, Brain 86 (1963) 333–346.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Stengel, E; ‘A Clinical and Psychological Study of Echo-Reactions’, J. Ment. Sci. 93 (1947) 598–612.Google Scholar
  14. Weinstein, E. A., ‘Changes in Language Pattern as Adaptive Mechanisms’, in Psychopathology of Communication, Grune and Stratton. New York, 1958.Google Scholar
  15. Weinstein, E. A. and Kahn, R. L., Denial of Illness, Charles C. Thomas, Springfield, 1955.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Weinstein, E. A. and Keller, N. J. A., ‘Linguistic Patterns of Misnaming in Brain Injury’, Neuropsychologia 1 (1964) 79–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Wernicke, C., Der aphasische Symptomenkomplex, Max Cohn und Weigert, Breslau, 1874.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht, Holland 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • Norman Geschwind
    • 1
  1. 1.Harvard Medical SchoolUSA

Personalised recommendations