Models of the Ionosphere

  • John S. Nisbet
Part of the Space Science Library book series (ASSL, volume 51)


The purposes of model ionospheres are reviewed and used to determine the types of models required. The problems associated with obtaining the data required for empirical and theoretical models are considered and used to develop recommendations for approaches to ionospheric modeling. The components of a model ionosphere are discussed and some of the key problems in each area reviewed.


Sunspot Number Meridional Wind Particle Flux Neutral Wind Model Ionosphere 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht, Holland 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • John S. Nisbet
    • 1
  1. 1.Ionosphere Research LaboratoryThe Pennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA

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