Early Aeronomy Results from the Satellite Esro 4

  • U. von Zahn
Part of the Space Science Library book series (ASSL, volume 51)


After 510 days in Earth orbit the polar orbiting satellite ESRO 4 re-entered the atmosphere on April 15, 1974. Within its experimental payload it carried 3 instruments with particular aeronomic relevancy: An ion spectrometer (ESRO designation: S45) provided by the University College London (principal investigator: W. J. Raitt), a gas analyzer (S80) provided by the University of Bonn (principal investigator: U. von Zahn), and an auroral particle spectrometer (S94) provided by the Kiruna Geophysical Observatory (principal investigator: P. Christophersen). Although the wealth of data received from these instruments is large enough to keep us busy analyzing them for a couple of years to come, I feel that some of the early results obtained so far meet with sufficient interest to present them to you on this occasion.


Geomagnetic Activity Electron Flux Magnetic Local Time Neutral Atmosphere Storm Period 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bitterberg, W., Bruchhausen, K., Offermann, D., and von Zahn, U.: 1970, J.Geophys. Res. 75, 5528.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Blum, P., Wulf-Mathies, C., and Trinks, H.: 1974, Paper, XVII Plenary Meeting of COSPAR.Google Scholar
  3. CIRA 1972, COSPAR International Reference Atmosphere 1972, Akademie-Verlag, Berlin.Google Scholar
  4. Fricke, K. H., Trinks, H., and von Zahn, U.: 1974, EOS 55, 370.Google Scholar
  5. Hedin, A. E., Hinton, B. B., and Schmidt, G. A.: 1973, J.Geophys. Res. 78, 4651.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Hedin, A. E., Mayr, H. G., Reber, C. A., Spencer, N. W., and Carignan, G. R.: 1974, J.Geophys. Res. 79, 215.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Jacchia, L. G. and Slowey, J. W.: 1968, Planetary Space Sci. 16, 509.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Johnson, F. S.: 1973, Rev. Geophys. Space Phys. 11, 741.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Keating, G. M. and Prior, E. J.: 1967, Paper, 48th Annual Meeting of the AGU.Google Scholar
  10. Keating, G. M. and Prior, E. J.: 1968, Space Res. 8, 982.Google Scholar
  11. Keating, G. M., McDougal, D. S., Prior, E. J., and Levine, J. S.: 1973, Space Res. 13, 327.Google Scholar
  12. Keating, G. M., Prior, E. J., and McDougal, D. S.: 1974, Paper, 17th Annual Meeting of COSPAR.Google Scholar
  13. Kockarts, G.: 1973, Space Sci. Rev. 13, 723.ADSGoogle Scholar
  14. Köhnlein, W., Trinks, H., and Volland, H.: 1974: Paper, XVII Plenary Meeting of COSPAR.Google Scholar
  15. Mayr, H. G. and Volland, H.: 1972, Planetary Space Sci. 20, 379.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Olson, W. P.: 1972, Space Res. 12, 1007.Google Scholar
  17. Olson, W. P. and Moe, K.: 1974, J.Atmospheric Terrestr. Phys. 36, 1715.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Prölss, G. W. and von Zahn, U.: 1974, J.Geophys. Res. 79, 2535.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Prölss, G. W., von Zahn, U., Raitt, W. J., and Christophersen, P.: 1974, EOS 55, 369.Google Scholar
  20. Raitt, W. J., von Zahn, U., and Christophersen, P.: 1975, J.Geophys. Res., in press.Google Scholar
  21. Reber, C. A., Harpold, D. N., Horowitz, R., and Hedin, A. E.: 1971, J.Geophys. Res. 76, 1845.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Reber, C. A. and Hedin, A. E.: 1974, J.Geophys. Res. 79, 2457.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Taeusch, D. R. and Carignan, G. R.: 1972, J.Geophys. Res. 77, 4870.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Trinks, H. and von Zahn, U.: 1975, ‘The ESRO 4 Gas Analyzer’, Rev. Sci. Instrum., in press.Google Scholar
  25. Trinks, H., Fricke, K. H., von Zahn, U., and Prölss, G. W.: 1974, EOS 55, 369.Google Scholar
  26. Wulf-Mathies, C., Blum, P., and Trinks, H.: 1974, Paper, XVII Plenary Meeting of COSPAR.Google Scholar
  27. von Zahn, U., Fricke, K. H., and Trinks, H.: 1973, J.Geophys. Res. 78, 7560.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht, Holland 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • U. von Zahn
    • 1
  1. 1.Physikalisches InstitutUniversität Bonn53 Bonn 1West Germany

Personalised recommendations