Most of the histories of the English Civil War written or published in England before 1702 can be clearly labelled as either Royalist, Parliamentarian, or Whig. The attitude that the writer takes to the political issues of the war and to any later events in English history that he has opportunity to notice is generally sufficient to indicate which of these labels should be applied to his history, but occasionally it is also useful to refer to what is known about his life to help identify his political views. Of course one can also develop other systems of arranging the histories in groups, but no other system, it seems to me, is likely to be found that will correspond so well to the natural divisions separating the histories or that will present the classifier with so few doubtful cases when put into practice. I do not think that one can make a uniformly clear-cut distinction between Royalist and Tory histories, or between Parliamentarian and republican histories, and so I have regarded Tory histories as part of the Royalist group and republican histories as part of the Parliamentarian group. Only a few histories reveal no political associations or leanings or reveal them so imperfectly that one cannot be confident in identifying the histories with the name of any political faction.
KeywordsHistorical Collection English Newspaper English Historian Manuscript Research Church History
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