Advertisement

The Light Element Formation: A Signature of High Energy Nuclear Astrophysics

  • J. Audouze
  • M. Meneguzzi
  • H. Reeves
Part of the Astrophysics and Space Science Library book series (ASSL, volume 59)

Summary

Light elements D, 6Li, 9Be, 10B and 11B (and possibly also 7Li) are not produced by the general nucleosynthetic processes occurring in stars. They appear to be synthetized by high energy processes occurring either during the interaction of galactic cosmic rays with the interstellar medium or in supernovae envelopes. These formation processes are discussed. It is emphasized that the most coherent scenario regarding the formation of the light elements is obtained by taking also into account the nuclear processes which may have occurred during hot phases of the early Universe (Big Bang). Implications on chemical evolution of galaxies and on cosmology are briefly recalled.

Keywords

Shock Wave Interstellar Medium Light Element Supernova Remnant Carbonaceous Chondrite 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Arnould, M. and Nogaard, H., 1975, Astron. Astroph. In press.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Audouze, J., 1970, Astr. Ap. 8, 436.ADSGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Audouze, J., Lequeux, J. and Reeves, H., 1973, Astr. Ap.,28 85.ADSGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Audouze, J., Lequeux, J., Reeves, H. and Vigroux, L., 1976, submitted to Ap. J. Letters.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Audouze, J., Lequeux, J. and Vigroux, L. 1975, Astr. Ap. 43,71.ADSGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Audouze, J. and Tinsley, B. M., 1974, Ap. J. 192, 487.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Audouze, J. and Tinsley, B. M., 1976, Ann. Rev. Astr. Ap. 1Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Audouze, J. and Truran, J. W., 1973, Ap. J. 182, 839.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Beer, R. and Taylor, F. W., 1973, Ap. J. (letters) 142, L131.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Bernas, R., Gradsztajn, E., Reeves, H. and Schatzman, E. 1967, Ann. Phys. (N.Y.) 44, 426.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Bodansky, D., 1975, private communication.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Bodansky, D., Jacobs, W. W. and Oberg, D. L., 1975, Ap. J. 202, 222.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Boesgaard, A. M., 1970, Ap. J. 161, 1003.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Boesgaard, A. M., Praderie, F., Leckrone, D. S., Faraggiana, R. and Hack, M., 1974, Ap. J. (letters) 194, L143.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Burbidge, E. M., Burbidge, G. R., Fowler, W. A. and Hoyle, F. 1957, Rev. Mod. Phys. 29, 547.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Cameron, A. G. W., Colgate, S. A. and Grossmann, L., 1973, Nature 243, 204.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Cameron, A. G. W. and Fowler, W. A., 1971, Ap. J. 167, 111.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Canal, R., 1974, Ap. J. 189, 531.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Canal, R., Isern, J. and Sanahuja, B., 1975, Ap. J., in press.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Colgate, S. A., 1973, Ap. J. (Letters) 181, L53.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Colgate, S. A., 1974, Ap. J. 187, 321.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Colgate, S. A., 1975, Ap. J. 195, 493.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Epstein, R. I., Arnett, W. D. and Schramm, D. N., 1974 Ap. J. (Letters) 190, L13.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Epstein, R. I. and Petrosian, V., 1975, Ap. J. In press.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Field, G. B., 1974, Ap. J. 187, 453.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Field, G. B., 1975, Proceedings of Les Houches Summer School, ed. R. Ballian, P. Encrenax and J. Lequeux, to be published.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Fowler, W. A., Burbidge, G. R. and Burbidge, E. M., 1955, Ap. J. Auppl. 2, 167.ADSGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Geiss, J. and Reeves, H., 1972, Astr. Ap. 18, 126.ADSGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Gerola, H., Kafatos, M. and McCray, R., 1974, Ap. J. 189, 55.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Goret, P. and Beaudet, G., 1975, Preprint.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Gott III Jr., J. R., Gunn, J. E., Schramm, D. N. and Tinsley, B. M., 1974, Ap. J. 194, 543.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Hainebach, R. and Schramm, D. N., 1975a, Proc. 14th Int. Cosmic Ray Conf. 2, 549.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Hainebach, K., Schramm, D. N. and Blake, J. B. 1975b, submitted to Ap. J.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Hall, D. N. B. and Engvold, O., 1975, Ap. J. 197Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Hoyle, F. and Fowler, W. A., 1973, Nature 241, 384.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Iben, I. J., 1973 in Explosive Nucleosynthesis, D. N. Schramm and W. D. Arnett ed., University of Texas Press p. 115.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Kirshner, R. P., Oke, J. B., Penston, M. V. and Searle, L. 1973, Ap. J. 185, 303.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Kozlovsky, B. and Ramaty, R., 1974, Ap. J. (Letters) 191, L43.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Meneguzzi, M., Audouze, J. and Reeves, H., 1971, Astr. Ap. 15, 337.ADSGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Meneguzzi, M. and Reeves, H., 1975, Astr. Ap. 40, 99.ADSGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Meszaros, P., 1974, Ap. J. 191, 79.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Milford, S. N. and Shen, B. S. P., 1961, Phys. Rev. 122, 1,921.ADSGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Mitler, H. E., 1967, in High Energy Nuclear Reactions in Astrophysics, B. S. P. Shen, Benjamin, p. 59.Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Mitler, H. E., 1972, Ap. and Space Sci. 17, 186.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Morton, D. C., 1974, Ap. J. (Letters) 193, L35.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Morton, D. C., Smith, A. M. and Stecher, J. P., 1974, Ap. J. (Letters) 189, L109.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Nogaard, H. and Arnould, M., 1975, Astron. Astroph. 40, 331.ADSGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Ostriker, J. P. and Tinsley, B. M., 1975, Ap. J. (Letters) in press.Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    Peebles, P. J. E., 1966, Phys. Rev. Letters 164, 410.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 49a.
    Penzias, A. A., Wannier, P. G., Wilson, R. W. and Linke, R. A. 1976, Ap. J. (Letters) (submitted).Google Scholar
  51. 50.
    Ramadurai, S. and Wickramasinghe, N. C., 1975, Ap. and Space Sci. (Letters) 334, L41.Google Scholar
  52. 51.
    Reeves, H., 1971, Nuclear Reactions in Stellar Surfaces and Their Relations with Stellar Evolution (London: Gordon and Breach).Google Scholar
  53. 52.
    Reeves, H., 1972, Phys. Rev. D6, 3363.ADSGoogle Scholar
  54. 53.
    Reeves, H., 1974a, Ann. Rev. Astr. Ap. 12, 437.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 54.
    Reeves, H., 1974b, in Supernovae and Supernovae Remnants, Ed. C. B. Cosmovici, D. Reidel Co., p. 381.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 55.
    Reeves, H., Audouze, J., Fowler, W. A. and Schramm, D. N., 1973, Ap. J. 179, 909.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 56.
    Reeves, H., Fowler, W. A. and Hoyle, F., 1970, Nature 226, 727ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 57.
    Rogerson, Jr., J. B. and York, D. G., 1973, Ap. J. (Letters) 186, L95.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 58.
    Ryter, C., Reeves, H., Gradsztajn, E. and Audouze, J., 1970 Astr. Ap. 84 389.ADSGoogle Scholar
  60. 59.
    Sackmann, I. J., Smith, R. L. and Despain, K. H., 1974, Ap. J. 187, 555.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 60.
    Schramm, D. N. and Wagoner, R. V., 1974, Physics Today 27, 40.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 61.
    Steigman,.G., 1975, private communication.Google Scholar
  63. 62.
    Tinsley, B. M., 1974, Ap. J. 192, 629.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. 63.
    Toussaint, J., 1975, These 3e cycle, Universite Paris XI unpublished.Google Scholar
  65. 64.
    Traub, W. A. and Carleton, N. P., 1973, Ap. J. (Letters) 184, L11.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. 65.
    Truran, J. W., 1973, in Explosive Nucleosynthesis, ed. D. N. Schramm and W. D. Arnett. The University of Texas Press, p. 102.Google Scholar
  67. 66.
    Truran, J. W. and Cameron, A. G. W., 1971, Ap. and Space Sci. 14, 179.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. 67.
    Truran, J. W. and Cameron, A. G. W., 1975, in preparation.Google Scholar
  69. 68.
    Ulrich, R. K. and Scalo, J. M., 1972, Ap. J. 176, 137.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. 69.
    Van den Bout, P. A. and Grupsmith, J., 1973, BAAS 54, 380.Google Scholar
  71. 70.
    Vidal-Madjar, A., Laurent, C., Bonnet, R. M. and York, D. G., 1975, Proceedings of the XVIIIth COSPAR meeting, Verna, Bulgaria, June 1975, to be published.Google Scholar
  72. 71.
    Wagoner, R. V., 1973, Ap. J. 179, 343.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. 72.
    Wagoner, R. V., 1974, in Confrontations of Cosmological Theories, ed. M. S. Longair, D. Reidel Co., p. 195.Google Scholar
  74. 73.
    Wagoner, R. V., Fowler, W. A. and Hoyle, F., 1967, Ap. J. 148, 3.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. 74.
    Weaver, T. A. and Chapline, G. F., 1974, Ap. J. (Letters) 192, L57.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. 75.
    Yahil, A. and Beaudet, G., 1975, preprint.Google Scholar
  77. 76.
    York, D. G., 1975, Ap. J. (Letters) 196, L102.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. 77.
    York, D. G. and Rogerson, Jr., J. B., 1975, Ap. J., in press.Google Scholar
  79. 78.
    Zappala, R. R., 1972, Ap. J. 172, 57.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht, Holland 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Audouze
    • 1
    • 3
  • M. Meneguzzi
    • 2
    • 4
  • H. Reeves
    • 2
  1. 1.McDonnell Center for Space SciencesWashington UniversitySaint LouisUSA
  2. 2.Division de la Physique SESCENSaclayFrance
  3. 3.Laboratoire René BernasOrsayFrance
  4. 4.DAFObservatoire de MeudonMeudonFrance

Personalised recommendations