Santayana on Society and Government

  • Alfred Schutz
Part of the Phaenomenologica book series (PHAE, volume 15)


After some thirty years of strenuous work Santayana, at the age of 88, has published Dominations and Powers, which, as its subtitle indicates, contains his “Reflections on Liberty, Society and Government.” This book is a kind of last will and testament of a man who may rightly contend that he has lived in the truest sense of the word a philosophic life. At its end he reverts to problems discussed by him some forty years ago in the second volume of the Life of Reason, but now these problems reappear in an entirely changed atmosphere. They are placed in the general setting of an elaborate and closely interconnected system of thought, detached from the vantage point of the “judicial moralist,” which, in the author’s own words, prevailed in the earlier work. His present “tractatus ethico-politicus” will be analyzed in the following pages without any reference to other writings of this great thinker. This procedure, imposed by limitations of space, is obviously not meant to involve any unfairness to the work under scrutiny and its author. On the contrary, it is believed that this book is one of the few by this philosopher which furnish their own scheme of interpretation.


Generative Order Rational Order Militant Order Philosophical Anthropology Strenuous Work 
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  1. 1.
    Étienne Gilson, The Philosophy of Saint Thomas Aquinas, London, 1939, Chapter VIII.Google Scholar
  2. 10.
    Kurt Riezler, Man: Mutable and Immutable, Chicago, 1950, p. 311.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague, Netherlands 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alfred Schutz

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