Phosphorus

  • Konrad Mengel
  • Ernest A. Kirkby
  • Harald Kosegarten
  • Thomas Appel

Abstract

Phosphorus in soils occurs almost exclusively in the form of orthophosphate with total P concntrations usually in the range of 500–800 mg/kg dry soil. Quite a substantial amount of this P is associated with organic matter and in mineral soils the proportion of organic P lies between 20 and 80% of the total P.

Keywords

Phosphorus Starch Calcite Photosynthesis Fructose 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

General Reading

  1. Bucher, M., Rausch, C. and Daram, P. Molecular and biochemical mechanisms of phosphorus uptake into plants. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science 164, 209–218, 2001.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bolland, M. D. A. and Gilkes, R. J. Rock phosphates are not effective fertilizers in Western Australia soils: a review. Fert. Res. 22, 79–85, 1990.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bolland, M. D. A., Gilkes, R. J. and Allen, D. G. The residual value of superphosphate and rock phosphate for lateric soils and its evaluation using three soil phosphate tests. Fert. Res. 15, 253–280, 1988.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Dalai, R. C. Soil organic phosphorus. Adv. Agron. 29, 83–117, 1977.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Gerke, J. Kinetics of soil phosphate desorption as affected by citric acid. Z. Pflanzenernähr. Bodenk. 157, 17–22, 1994.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Haynes, R. J. Lime and phosphate in soil-plant system. Adv. Agron. 37, 249–315, 1984.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Jungk, A. Phosphorus supply of plants-how is it accomplished ? Proceedings of the National Science Council, ROC Part B: Life Sciences 18, 187–197, 1994Google Scholar
  8. Jungk, A. and Ciaassen, N. Ion diffusion in the soil-root system. Adv. Agron. 61, 53–110, 1997.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Khasawneh, F. E. and Doll, E. C. The use of phosphate rock for direct applications to soils. Adv. Agron. 30, 159–206, 1978.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Mengel, K. Agronomic measures for better utilization of soil and fertilizer phosphates. Eur. J. Agron. 7, 221–233, 1997.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Sanyal, S. K. and De Datta, S. K. Chemistry of phosphorus transformation in soil. Adv. Soil Sci. 16, 1–120, 1991.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Ratcliffe, R. G. In vivo NMR studies of higher plants and algae. Adv. Bot. Res. 20, 43–123, 1994.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Schachtman, D. P., Reid, R. J. and Ayling, S. M. Phosphorus uptake by plants: from soil to cell. Plant Physiol. 116, 447–453, 1998.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Shainberg, J., Sumner, M. E., Miller, W. P., Farina, M. P. W., Pavan, M. A. and Fey, M. V. Use of gypsum on soils: A review. Adv. Soil Sci. 9, 1–111, 1989.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Steffens, D. Phosphorus release kinetics and extractable phosphorus after long-term fertilization. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 58, 1702–1708, 1994.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Stevenson, F. J. and Cole, M. A. The phosphorus cycle, p. 279–329. In Cycles of Soil Carbon, Nitrogen, Phosphorus Sulfur, Micronutrients 2nd ed. John Wiley, Weinheim 1999Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Konrad Mengel
    • 1
  • Ernest A. Kirkby
    • 2
  • Harald Kosegarten
    • 1
  • Thomas Appel
    • 3
  1. 1.Justus Liebig UniversityGiessenGermany
  2. 2.School of BiologyUniversity LeedsUK
  3. 3.University of Applied SciencesBingenGermany

Personalised recommendations