Clarifying After Completing Instruction
Clear teaching is teaching for understanding60. However, gaining a full and meaningful understanding of the material taught is established only when students can apply this knowledge by demonstrating “understanding performances ”—performing some thinking tasks that are based on the material. The tasks can be of a diverse nature such as explaining, providing illustrations and analogies, comparing and contrasting, providing evidence and justification, putting into context, generalizing, applying and transferring to new situations, and solving problems (Perkins, 1992; 1998). A full level of understanding is gained gradually during the lesson and after the lesson (e.g., through solving related problems or doing other homework assignments). Nevertheless, to deepen students’ understanding within the framework of the lesson and help them retain and apply the new material, teachers should add clarification procedures after completing instruction of each subject.
KeywordsClarification Metaphor Hines
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